Assessing time-related deficits in the elderly: a scoping protocol


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BMJ Open. Sep 24, 2021; 11 (9): e050521. doi: 10.1136 / bmjopen-2021-050521.


INTRODUCTION: People with cognitive impairments often have difficulty managing their time for daily activities. In older people with cognitive impairments such as dementia and stroke, these can present in the form of disorientation, poor awareness of time, perception of time, lack of awareness of time, daily time management, etc. Time-related deficits and associated behaviors hamper independent living and add significantly to the strain on the caregiver. Several interventions are being studied to help people with cognitive impairments orient themselves and navigate through time and carry out their daily activities. Providing interventions requires the use of robust assessment tools. However, it is not clear how time-related concepts are specifically evaluated in practice, which evaluations are available and how these evaluations should be selected.

METHOD AND ANALYSIS: This protocol follows the Joanna Briggs Institute (2020) Examiner’s Manual for Scoping Reviews and is saved as part of Open Science ( We will include the following databases: PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science and PsycINFO. Two reviewers will independently review eligible studies for inclusion based on the selection criteria, and then review the full text of the selected studies. We will extract bibliographic data, study design and setting, and details of assessments used in studies to assess time-related concepts, including format, mode and duration of administration, psychometric properties. , etc. The identified assessments will be mapped according to the time-related concepts assessed and described using a narrative synthesis.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: As a secondary data analysis, ethics approval is not required for this scoping review. We plan to disseminate the results through peer-reviewed journals and conferences targeting healthcare professionals working with older people.

PMID: 34561261 | DOI: 10.1136 / bmjopen-2021-050521

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