Canada’s marine conservation goals for 2025
As part of Budget 2021, the Government of Canada made a historic investment to protect the health of our oceans, including $ 976.8 million over five years to achieve ambitious marine conservation goals. This will not only give our important habitats, species and ecosystems a chance to survive and thrive, but it will also help support the livelihoods of Canadians by ensuring that our oceans continue to provide lasting benefits to our economy for them. generations to come, as part of a blue economy.
By achieving these targets, the Government of Canada will advance the following progress:
- Effective management: Manage existing marine protected areas (MPAs) and other effective area-based conservation measures (OECM *) to ensure that they are effective in achieving their conservation objectives.
- Creation of a new site: establish new MPAs and OECMs to reach the 25% target by 2025.
- Collaboration: Continue to build and foster meaningful partnerships with provincial, territorial and Indigenous governments, and local communities, to advance effective ocean planning and conservation activities.
- Marine Spatial Planning: Advancing marine conservation within the broader context of marine spatial planning and Canada’s Blue Economy Strategy, which is still under development, to help achieve ambitious marine conservation goals while enabling sustainable growth of our ocean sectors as part of the development of a resilient blue economy.
- International Advocacy: Continue to take a leadership role with like-minded countries to advocate for the conservation of 30% of the world’s oceans by 2030.
* OECMs (Other Effective Area-based Conservation Measures) such as marine refuges, are areas that contribute to the effective long-term conservation of biodiversity by means other than protected areas.
Canada’s national report on the management of MPAs under the Oceans Act
Well-designed and well-managed MPAs are an effective tool for conserving nature and biodiversity, and mitigating the impacts of global climate change. When managed and monitored effectively, they can provide a wide range of ecological, economic, social, cultural and spiritual benefits. The Government of Canada has launched The Current, the first national report in a series that will be updated every five years. It presents the work we do with our partners to ensure that our Oceans Act MPAs meet their conservation goals, and provides a review of effective MPA management measures.
The Government of Canada has signaled to the world that we take the health and sustainability of the oceans seriously, based on the best available science and evidence-based decision making. Canada has joined both the Global Ocean Alliance and the High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People to advocate internationally for the protection of 30% of the world’s oceans by 2030. In As a member of the High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy, Canada is also committed to sustainably managing 100% of the ocean area under its national jurisdiction by 2025.
In June 2022, Canada will also host the Fifth International Congress on Marine Protected Areas (IMPAC5) alongside host First Nations, Musqueam, Squamish and Tsleil-Waututh, in partnership with the International Union for the Conservation of nature (IUCN) and Canadian parks. and Wilderness Society (CPAWS), to bring together a wide range of individuals, organizations, governments and institutions representing many sectors of society to advance new solutions for the protection and health of the ocean global.
Marine spatial planning
Marine spatial planning is a collaborative approach already used in more than 75 countries around the world to help coordinate and plan the distribution of human activities in a given marine environment over time, enabling the pursuit of ecological, economic, social and cultural while reducing conflicts. and duplicates. By providing greater predictability and clarity on where and when ocean activities may take place, marine spatial planning will contribute to a holistic approach to ocean management that promotes prosperity, encourages community inclusion and protects jobs, natural resources, marine life and the beauty of our coasts.