Dissemination of science – Templo Do Conhecimento http://templodoconhecimento.com/ Tue, 11 Jan 2022 00:36:48 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://templodoconhecimento.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/cropped-icon-32x32.png Dissemination of science – Templo Do Conhecimento http://templodoconhecimento.com/ 32 32 The computer model seeks to explain the spread of disinformation and suggest countermeasures https://templodoconhecimento.com/the-computer-model-seeks-to-explain-the-spread-of-disinformation-and-suggest-countermeasures/ Mon, 10 Jan 2022 23:25:20 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/the-computer-model-seeks-to-explain-the-spread-of-disinformation-and-suggest-countermeasures/

It starts with a super spreader and weaves its way through a web of interactions, ultimately leaving no one unscathed. Those who have been exposed previously may feel little effect when exposed to a different variant.

No, it is not a virus. It is the contagious spread of disinformation and disinformation, disinformation intended entirely to deceive.

Now researchers at Tufts University have come up with a computer model that remarkably reflects how disinformation spreads in real life. The work could provide insight into how to protect people from the current contagion of disinformation that threatens public health and the health of a democracy, the researchers say.

“Our society is grappling with widespread beliefs in conspiracies, growing political polarization and a distrust of scientific findings,” said Nicholas Rabb, a PhD. computer science student at Tufts School of Engineering and lead author of the study, published Jan. 7 in the journal ONE Public Science Library. “This model could help us understand how disinformation and conspiracy theories are propagated, to help find strategies to counter them.”

Scientists who study the dissemination of information often take a page from epidemiologists, modeling the spread of false beliefs about how a disease spreads through a social network. Most of these models, however, treat the people in the networks as all taking into account any new beliefs conveyed to them through the contacts equally.

Rather, the Tufts researchers based their model on the idea that our pre-existing beliefs can strongly influence our acceptance of new information. Many people reject factual information supported by evidence if it takes them too far from what they already believe. Health workers have commented on the strength of this effect, observing that some patients dying from COVID cling to the belief that COVID does not exist.

To take this into account in their model, the researchers assigned a “belief” to each individual in the artificial social network. To do this, the researchers represented the beliefs of individuals in the computer model as a number from 0 to 6, with 0 representing strong disbelief and 6 representing strong belief. The numbers could represent the range of beliefs on any issue.

For example, one might think of the number 0 representing the strong disbelief that COVID vaccines are useful and safe, while the number 6 could be the strong belief that COVID vaccines are in fact safe and effective.

The model then creates a vast network of virtual individuals, as well as virtual institutional sources that are the source of much of the information that passes through the network. In real life, this could be the news media, churches, governments, and social media influencers, basically the news super-broadcasters.

The model starts with an institutional source that feeds the information into the network. If an individual receives information close to their beliefs (for example, a 5 compared to their current 6), they have a higher probability of updating that belief to 5. If the incoming information differs significantly from their current beliefs, say a 2 over a 6 – they’ll likely reject it altogether and hold onto their belief at 6 levels.

Other factors, such as the proportion of their contacts who send them the information (essentially, peer pressure) or the level of trust in the source, can influence how individuals update their beliefs. A population-wide network model of these interactions then provides an active view of the spread and persistence of disinformation.

Future improvements to the model will take into account new knowledge from both network science and psychology, as well as a comparison of model results with real-world opinion polls and network structures over time. time.

While the current model suggests that beliefs can only change gradually, other scenarios could be modeled which cause a larger change in beliefs – for example, a jump from 3 to 6 which could occur when a dramatic event occurs. happens to an influencer and begs his followers to change their mind.

Over time, the computer model can become more complex to accurately reflect what is happening on the ground, say the researchers, who, in addition to Rabb, include his educational advisor Lenore Cowen, a computer science professor; computer scientist Matthias Scheutz; and JP deRuiter, professor of psychology and computer science.

“It is becoming too clear that the mere dissemination of factual information may not be enough to impact the state of mind of the public, especially among those who are locked into a belief system that is not based on facts. Cowen said. “Our initial effort to incorporate this idea into our models of the mechanics of disinformation disseminated in society can teach us how to reduce public conversation to facts and evidence.”

Amphibians die off in SL at record rate – the Island https://templodoconhecimento.com/amphibians-die-off-in-sl-at-record-rate-the-island/ Sat, 08 Jan 2022 23:55:31 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/amphibians-die-off-in-sl-at-record-rate-the-island/

Jackfruit (sometimes written jak) or kos has traversed the life, history and culture of the Lankans for several centuries. Rich in several disease-preventing properties, jackfruit is considered a “superfood” in many Western countries. The tree that bears this largest tree fruit which has nourished our people in hard times is revered as buth gaha. However, the full potential of this wonderful fruit that we find in abundance is still not exploited with us.


Jackfruit or kos my childhood prep days weren’t about cooking another curry for lunch or grabbing an ‘instant’ bag of pods or kos madulu a seller; it was a half-day endeavor, almost a ritual. In my grandparents’ sprawling garden, I watched a servant pick a fruit from a jak and pull it out. Magiline achchci who would protect his proven recipes almost with his life would then take over, crouching in front of the giant fruit ready for the great task ahead. It would take a good hour or two to clean the yellow bulbs of koholle (the sticky substance inherent in the fruit) with coconut oil. A subordinate would join her to speed up the exercise and if there was a visiting elder, she too would join her. Sipping their noon kahata or plain tea, gossip would abound cleaning kos madulu for the pot.

Jackfruit is a popular rice substitute in rural Sri Lanka, often accompanied by traditional products like pol sambol and dried fish or karawala – an epicurean delight. The Jack tree is revered by the Lankans as buth gaha translating to “rice tree”. The fruit has fed many Lankans during food shortages throughout history and the COVID pandemic is the most recent on the list. Sell ​​a bag or two of kos Daily during the first two waves of the pandemic also helped feed many families here.

Botanically called
Artocarpus heterophyllus, jackfruit. the largest of all known fruits in the world, native to the Indo-Malay region. From there it spread to neighboring Sri Lanka, South China, Southeast Asia and also parts of Africa including Kenya, Uganda, Zanzibar, Mauritius and Madagascar. . It also found its way to Brazil, Jamaica and Australia. The main jackfruit growing regions in the world are Bangladesh (where it is referred to as the national fruit), Brazil, Myanmar, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines.

Hailed by the villagers as kiri gaha or sap tree, jackfruit is also associated with many rituals and superstitious with a long history of one here at home. Historical documents such as Mahawansa, Amawathura and Visuddi Margaya chronicle of such connections. Robert Knox in his book, A historical relation of the island of Ceylon also refers to the tree and its values. “Some literary sources also document that a jackfruit orchard of 100,000 plants was cultivated under the royal patronage of Maha Parakramabahu. In ancient Sinhala literature, this fruit is referred to by many terms, including pana, panasa, herali and kos. Some names of towns and villages also reflect the close association the Lankans had with this fruit.

Kosgoda, Kosmulla, Koswatta, Kosgama, Panagoda, Panamure, Panamaldeniya and Heraliyawa are a few examples ”, underlines the former head of the Fruit division and principal research officer of the Institute for Research and Development of Horticultural Crops (HORDI) in Gannoruwa, Indrani Medagoda. The fruit researcher who has extensively researched and presented articles on jackfruit also says that although it is eaten as a substitute for rice, it remains an underused crop in local agriculture. “Only about 30% of the total production is consumed and the rest is wasted,” notes Medagoda who calls for strategies to improve the use of this wonderful fruit in order to increase the income of producers and improve its contribution to the crop. Food Safety.

Jackfruit is considered an essential crop on the island given its multiple values: wood, medicinal, cultural and environmental. There are two fruiting seasons, explains Medagoda. “March-June is the main season and November to January is the secondary season. However, there are also trees out of season and all year round.

Traditional knowledge about jackfruit is used only at the household level and the dissemination of this knowledge among producers and other interest groups is an important point of the scientist. “An integrated approach is needed to improve the conservation and use of the genetic resources of the jaks growing in Sri Lanka. This would improve the productivity, quality and income of culture and help reduce poverty and increase food security in rural communities, ”she adds.

Philanthropist and independence fighter Arthur V Dias, landowner / planter, pioneered the spread of jackfruit across the island in 1918, earning him affection Kos mom. His campaign has helped declare the jak a protected tree and none can be felled without a permit attesting to its importance in the country.

Jackfruit comes in many forms; an immature fruit that is polo shirts is often cooked as a popular curry like ambula polo shirts. Another is mallum polo shirts. Ambula polo shirts is now also popular in restaurants overseas. “At one point polo shirts was only available in Asian supermarkets in England, but today it is available in most supermarkets and stocks are running out very quickly. It’s a very popular vegetarian dish and it’s also a popular substitute for pulled pork dishes in restaurants, ”says Padma Tennakoon from Staffordshire in the UK.

A box of jackfruit costs approx.
£ 3.50 in the UK and the price varies from store to store, says Padma who had lived in England for almost 50 years now. She loves sweet honey waraka (ripe jackfruit bulb) as well as jak in its other forms. “Waraka is also available canned but can only be found in Asian supermarkets. Nothing can equal fresh kos and waraka we used to enjoy back home in Sri Lanka, but when you live abroad and crave our traditional food, we are more than happy to have them, even in cans or jars ” , she says.

Jackfruit is also popular in Australia. It can be found canned, frozen and raw in local and Sri Lankan supermarkets, says Lanchana Alwis, who is studying for her masters at the University of Melbourne. “Raw jak is expensive compared to other fruits here. It’s about $ 16 per kilo. A can (400g) costs around $ 4.50. Although I still haven’t seen it serving curry in Australian restaurants, most Lankan restaurants in Melbourne serve kos curry for lunch and it is very popular even among the locals. However, some Australian restaurants offer BBQ jackfruit sandwiches and pulled jackfruit tacos.

Jackfruit can be served boiled, as kos beduma, atu kos, kos eta beduma and Kalu pol maluwa. Ripe fruit can be either waraka Where vela. Waraka is firmer than vela which is viscous and less preferred. Waraka sprinkled with a pinch of pepper and salt is a delicious dessert and its fruity aroma is hard to hide. Some like it, some don’t.

Jackfruit’s disease-preventive properties have earned it recognition as a “superfood” in many Western countries, says chief of nutrition in the Department of Nutrition at the Medical Research Institute (MRI) and president of Sri Lanka Medical Nutrition Association (SLMNA), Dr Renuka Jayatissa. “Sri Lanka has not yet fully recognized the health benefits of the fruit and measures must be put in place to be more creative in its preparation and popularize it among young people”, observes Dr Jayatissa who cites the example of roasted jackfruit. “It could be a healthy snack with less energy that wouldn’t affect weight.”

Although a few high-end outlets and restaurants are experimenting with jackfruit dishes, the potential is still largely unoptimized, explains the clinical nutritionist. “Jackfruit can be a healthy garnish for chops and patties and polo shirts is a wonderful garnish for pizzas. These should be made more freely available.

Jackfruit is a rich source of potassium which is essential for maintaining healthy blood pressure, and a third of our daily potassium needs could be met with a cup of jackfruit tea, explains Dr. Jayatissa. A very rich source of fiber as well, consumption of jackfruit may minimize the risk of colon and prostate cancer. Its antioxidants have cancer-preventive properties, especially breast cancer, she says.

Jackfruit is also a good source of vitamin A and magnesium. “One cup of jackfruit can cover 40% of the daily magnesium requirement, which helps prevent muscle cramps. Jak seeds are a good source of protein and energy and it is always recommended to cook jak with the seeds. Other seed-based curries like Kalu pol maluwa are in very good health.

The wall waraka contains more carbohydrates than raw fruit, says Dr. Jayatissa. “The good news is that waraka is a low carbohydrate food and even diabetics can safely enjoy it because it has the benefit of minimizing the absorption of carbohydrates due to the presence of fiber. It is a wonderful fruit that is able to control sugar levels with the help of fiber, ”explains Dr Jayatissa, who encourages restaurateurs and chefs to make the best use of this all-organic natural panacea that is found in abundance. in all the countries.

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Việt Nam publishes RCEP implementation plan https://templodoconhecimento.com/viet-nam-publishes-rcep-implementation-plan/ Fri, 07 Jan 2022 10:30:00 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/viet-nam-publishes-rcep-implementation-plan/

VIETNAM, January 7 –

A symbol of unity is placed at the headquarters of the ASEAN Secretariat in Jakarta, Indonesia. Photo VNA / VNS

HÀ NỘI Deputy Prime Minister Phạm Bình Minh signed a decision approving an implementation plan for the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), which entered into force on January 1.

The plan aims to assign tasks and responsibilities to the relevant agencies and organizations, to decide on measures related to leadership and administration, and other measures to implement this agreement fully and effectively.

As a result, ministries, ministerial-level agencies, government agencies, people’s committees of provinces and centrally-managed cities will step up the dissemination of information on RCEP and revised, supplemented, canceled or promulgated legal documents to implement. implements the agreement for relevant entities, especially those that may be affected such as the business community, industry associations, cooperatives, central and local management agencies and workers through media, sites Web, publications, documents, training courses, seminars and dialogues.

Attention will be paid to improving and intensifying the provision of information and forecasting in the import and export markets as well as the domestic market to help Vietnamese businesses better understand the information, technical requirements and import-export management rules of RCEP signatories, thus facilitating their development and implementation of trade and investment strategies.

Ministries, sectors and localities will build programs to support and improve the competitiveness of industries and enterprises, especially micro, small and medium enterprises, cooperatives and farm households in accordance with international commitments; and prepare response solutions and supporting policies for industries that are greatly and directly affected by the implementation of the agreement.

The plan also stresses the importance of focusing on the restructuring of agriculture, digital transformation, the application of science and technology and advanced production models in order to improve the quality and traceability of products and to protect the environment, thus helping to meet national and international standards.

Signed in November 2020, the RCEP brings together 10 ASEAN member states, as well as China, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Australia and New Zealand, covering 30% of the world’s gross domestic product (GDP). ‘worth $ 26,200 billion.

It forms a market of 2.2 billion consumers, and becomes the largest free trade area in the world in terms of population. It will eventually eliminate tariffs on up to 92% of goods traded between its signatories, expand market access for investments, harmonize rules and regulations, and strengthen supply chains across the vast region of China. free exchange. VNS

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Seattle DJC.com Local Business Data and News – Architecture & Engineering https://templodoconhecimento.com/seattle-djc-com-local-business-data-and-news-architecture-engineering/ Wed, 05 Jan 2022 08:00:03 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/seattle-djc-com-local-business-data-and-news-architecture-engineering/

January 5, 2022

Magnusson Klemencic Associates


Magnusson Klemencic Associates (MKA) announced that Juliette Peyroux, PE, SE, has been named one of 40 Building Design + Construction (BD + C) magazine winners for 2021. A senior partner at MKA, Peyroux, 32, focuses on promoting structural solutions for terminal buildings. ‘airports, halls, earthquake resistant, and inspection stations in areas known to have high seismic activity, such as San Diego, San Francisco and Seattle.

She has acquired the advanced training necessary to become a certified WAsafe instructor and state coordinator, an achievement that enables her to teach building safety assessment courses to her colleagues at MKA, to her colleagues at the industry and Seattle-area university students who represent the next generation of engineering professionals. Peyroux leads MKA’s in-house team of earthquake technical specialists in their efforts to research the latest developments in earthquake engineering, develop training and tools to improve the design process, and facilitate office-wide dissemination of latest information and trends in earthquake engineering. She has also co-authored internal guides on seismic risks and ground movements which are essential reference tools for her colleagues in structural engineering.

Peyroux received a Bachelor of Science in Civil and Environmental Engineering from the University of Washington and a Master of Science in Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. She is a member of the Structural Engineers Association of Washington Earthquake Engineering and Disaster Preparedness & Response Committees.

The editors of BD + C magazine have selected 40 architectural, engineering and construction professionals from around the world to be included in this year’s list of winners. Successful and well-rounded individuals under 40 are chosen based on criteria such as leadership, community awareness, sustained career progression, personal integrity, inventiveness, academic background and others. qualities and characteristics.

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The latest sustainability technologies – five trends to watch https://templodoconhecimento.com/the-latest-sustainability-technologies-five-trends-to-watch/ Mon, 03 Jan 2022 06:43:15 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/the-latest-sustainability-technologies-five-trends-to-watch/

The latest sustainability technologies – five trends to watch

Jan 03, 2022

It’s no secret that in our modern world technology and innovation are the key to sustainability. But sustainability efforts around the world have not escaped the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Research and development projects have been forced to put on hold due to lockdowns, a resurgence of single-use materials and disruption of recycling facilities thwarting the benefits of short-term emissions reductions. However, fueled by the economic recovery and as the world’s gaze turns to landmark events such as the upcoming United Nations Climate Change Conference 2021 (COP26), sustainability technology is once again in the spotlight.

At Qatar Foundation Research, Development and Innovation (QF RDI), sustainability means protecting and restoring the environment, while balancing economic development and well-being. Here are some of the biggest innovation trends to watch out for in the coming years:

1. The Rise of Electric Transportation We have all heard of electric cars, but the transportation sector as a whole is poised for a huge digital transformation over the next few years. Transportation accounts for about a fifth of global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and overtook energy production as the world’s biggest polluter a few years ago. But things are changing: aviation, fleet, freight and marine vehicles are all expected to benefit from increased accessibility and adoption of electrification and charging infrastructure technologies, or advancements in fuel technology. batteries for example.

The development of intelligent transport solutions is also another good example of the digitization of the transport sector. The Qatar Mobility Innovations Center (QMIC), based in QF RDI’s Qatar Science and Technology Park (QSTP), is the region’s first independent innovation center. Leveraging its strong R&D capabilities to develop and deploy smart mobility and smart city platforms and technologies, QMIC aims to improve mobility efficiency and minimize environmental impact.

2. Agtech Goes Mainstream Agriculture, although a vital sector, has a reputation of being one of the world’s largest emitters of greenhouse gases, but many agro-tech companies are hoping to green the industry and make an impact. positive both on our climate and on our ends. on our plate. Connectivity in this industry can also benefit productivity, with McKinsey & Company predicting the technology could add $ 500 billion in value to global GDP by 2030. The COVID-19 crisis has only intensified research sustainability in agriculture, as a support for international supply. chains stressed the need for more local and sustainable sourcing. Soil quality monitors, water management systems, precision pollination, indoor farming, and dietary change research are just a few of the ways technology is revolutionizing this industry, by keeping our planet in mind.

3. Pandemic-Driven Innovation The pandemic has disrupted our progress and focus on carbon emissions targets and increased the use of single-use materials. But it has also catalyzed many areas of innovation. New cooling technologies are being developed primarily for the transport and storage of vaccines, but have multiple applications which may be more durable than current options. The digital trend has increased our dependence on data centers and the pressure for more sustainable ways to operate them using renewable energy or the Internet of Things (IoT). As we continue to emerge from the COVID-19 storm, there will undoubtedly be more interesting inventions to come.

The Qatar Foundation has launched an electric tram system that will benefit not only the QF community, but everyone who visits Education City.

4. Micromobility – A Not-So-Micro Trend While our prospects for international travel have temporarily waned, the concept of micromobility has skyrocketed, as have the innovative companies leading the industry – many of which are in the MENA region. Globally, figures from McKinsey & Company show that the electric scooter market is expected to exceed $ 40 billion by 2030, up from $ 3.7 billion in 2019.

Human-powered, two- and three-wheeled electric vehicles have grown in popularity and are much better for the environment. There are considerable advantages; they have a low cost per use and can positively contribute to the health and well-being of the user. In urban areas, micromobility can solve the long-standing problem of an efficient “first and last mile”, while also solving congestion problems.

5. Scaling up energy storage With renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power now firmly integrated into the global energy production mix, the goal is now to optimize storage technologies. of energy. Real, tangible innovation is happening, with the Qatar Energy and Environment Research Institute – which is part of the Qatar Foundation’s Hamad Bin Khalifa University – and its storage portfolio energy utility developing safe, reliable and cost-effective large battery technology that enables the storage of excess energy and the integration of renewables into the grid for residential, commercial and large-scale use.

Much of the complexity of energy storage and energy supply management lies in the relationship with smart grids. QSTP’s partner company, Iberdrola Innovation Middle East, is an innovation hub tackling the practical technological challenges of the digitalization of the electricity grid.

Technology is essential to achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, tackling climate change and protecting our natural resources.

Coherent strategic visions and sustained funding in this area are essential to spur research, development and innovation so that we can harness the power of technology and move forward. The Gulf Research and Development Organization (GORD), another partner company of QSTP, is leading the sustainability landscape in the MENA region. Through its R&D efforts and work in areas such as standard setting, green building certification and capacity building, GORD aims to enable low carbon sustainable growth for present and future generations. – an ambition to which we should all aspire.

John Taylor McEntire, Director of Industrial Development and Knowledge Transfer (IDKT) at the Qatar Foundation Research, Development and Innovation (QF RDI) Joining the Qatar Foundation in 2013 during the establishment of the Office of Intellectual Property and Transfer of technology, John was active in the early development of QF’s intellectual property policy and process. As Director of the Office of Industry Development and Knowledge Transfer (IDKT), John leads a team of intellectual property and commercialization experts to protect and commercialize technologies, find partners and license property. intellectual property owned by QF worldwide. He has led the marketing efforts of the ICT portfolio, which is his chosen field for the past 25 years. He is also currently the Acting Director of Energy Marketing and Environment. He has negotiated and executed over 25 licenses and distribution agreements on behalf of QF entities – HBKU, QCRI and Texas A & M-Qatar with large, medium, small and start-ups around the world. Within the structure of QF RDI, he prepares his team to share their knowledge and expertise in leading the efforts for a decentralized mode allowing more hands through the QF infrastructure to assist in protection and commercialization. of intellectual property.

During his career he has consulted with the governments of Japan, Singapore and China on technology transfer and headed the Pacific Rim division for a software and hardware distribution company. He has been involved in the initiation of several start-ups and has been an advisor to many others. He spent five years in Tokyo, Japan, representing, marketing and terminating American business interests throughout Asia.

Prior to joining QF, he was a Licensing Professional at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for 5 years, managing the laboratory’s information technology intellectual property portfolio. In this role, he developed the laboratory’s policy regarding the use and distribution of software and led efforts to protect and commercialize information technology. At PNNL, he developed the first comprehensive software intellectual property policy in a US Department of Energy (DOE) laboratory which has since become a federal laboratory standard and developed a model for handling export control examination for software invention disclosures. While at PNNL, he also taught international marketing and international business at Washington State University in Richland, Washington, USA.

Prior to PNNL, he was responsible for copyright, software, and trademarks at the University of Illinois for over 12 years. There, he initiated the development of the office operating plan, a market triage model using interns and the University’s open source software policy. He has helped bridge the gap between industry and academia by encouraging collaborations.

John McEntire is a QF RDI expert. He holds a BA from Brigham Young University and an MBA from the University of Illinois.

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Omani Culture Fair Celebrates World Arabic Language Day – City Lights – Life & Style https://templodoconhecimento.com/omani-culture-fair-celebrates-world-arabic-language-day-city-lights-life-style/ Thu, 30 Dec 2021 23:18:49 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/omani-culture-fair-celebrates-world-arabic-language-day-city-lights-life-style/

Ambassador of the Sultanate of Oman to Egypt Abdullah Al-Rahbi

The theme of this year’s World Arabic Language Day, “The Arabic language, a bridge between civilizations”, is a call to reaffirm the important role of the Arabic language in connecting people through culture, science, literature and many other fields.


Abdullah Al-Rahbi, Ambassador of Oman in Cairo and his permanent representative to the Arab League, on December 26 hosted a host of Arab intellectuals, poets and artists from Oman, Egypt, Yemen, Jordan, from Syria and Iraq at the cultural fair.

The living room was brought to life by a performance by munshid (religious singer) Ahmed Saad El-Din.


Attended the salon Ahmed Darwish, professor of literature at Cairo University, Yemeni poet Zein Al-Abidin Al-Dhubaibi, artist Helmy Fouda, poet Mahmoud Al-Gamaai, as well as the deputy director of the National Theater, the artist Khaled Abdel-Salam, journalist Magdy El-Shazly, and the salon was hosted by Iraqi poet and writer Abdel-Razzaq Al-Rubaie.

“Orientalists have expressed the difficulty of resisting the beauty of this language, its beautiful logic and its unique charm, because it is like a pyramid carved in the alphabets of history and the experience of ancient human civilizations,” said he declared.

The Ambassador of Oman said that there is an increase in demand around the world to learn the Arabic language, and South Korea has included it as a second language.

Professor Darwish spoke of the importance of this celebration organized by Oman, because “it is said that in the Sultanate of Oman, behind every stone there is a poet, they are all poets by nature”. He then concluded his presentation by reciting a poem which he translated from French into Arabic.

The poet Mahmoud Al-Gamaai spoke about his book, in which he collected several Omani readings of the Holy Quran, which he took 12 years to document.

Artist Khaled Abdel-Salam, deputy director of the National Theater, recited a poem by Nizar Qabbani in a distinguished artistic theatrical style.

For his part, journalist Magdy El-Shazly warned that social media is destructive to the classical Arabic language, especially with writing on mobile screens.

At the end of the event, Ambassador Al-Rahbi compiled the salon’s recommendations for the preservation of the Arabic language in a booklet.

The Arabic language is a pillar of the cultural diversity of humanity. It is one of the most widely spoken languages ​​in the world, used daily by more than 400 million people. World Arabic Language Day coincides with the day in 1973 when the United Nations General Assembly adopted Arabic as the organization’s sixth official language.

In the diversity of its forms, classic or dialect, from oral expression to poetic calligraphy, the Arabic language has given birth to a fascinating aesthetic, in fields as varied as architecture, poetry, philosophy and song. . It provides access to an incredible variety of identities and beliefs and its history reveals the richness of its links with other languages.

Arabic played a catalytic role in knowledge, promoting the diffusion of Greek and Roman sciences and philosophies in Renaissance Europe. It allowed a dialogue of cultures along the Silk Roads, from the Indian coast to the Horn of Africa.

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Man detained in Dubai for taking out bank loans on behalf of compatriots https://templodoconhecimento.com/man-detained-in-dubai-for-taking-out-bank-loans-on-behalf-of-compatriots/ Wed, 29 Dec 2021 05:30:49 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/man-detained-in-dubai-for-taking-out-bank-loans-on-behalf-of-compatriots/

Dubai Courts
Image Credit: Gulf News

Dubai: A Dubai-based man has been accused of fooling four of his compatriots into obtaining their documents and having them sign bank loan documents claiming they were employment contracts. According to the Dubai Magistrates’ Court, the accused and three other compatriots tricked a group of four with “new job offers” at a construction company in Dubai. He took their passports and IDs and asked them to sign documents claiming they were employment contracts.

“We thought we would sign employment contracts but [they were actually] bank loan papers in our name, ”said one of the victims in official records.

The accused disappeared when the victims received calls from eight banks saying that the accused had taken out bank loans using the documents of the victims.

The four victims located the accused’s residence at Karama in Dubai. They asked him to return their papers but he summoned 12 people who assaulted them at his home and stole their cell phones.

One of the victims managed to escape and alerted Dubai Police, who arrested the accused and three others, who were later charged with unlawfully detaining the four workers and assaulting them.

The judges sentenced them to five years in prison and a fine of Dh 760, followed by deportation.

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SRMIST’s SPH marks success of health survey https://templodoconhecimento.com/srmists-sph-marks-success-of-health-survey/ Mon, 27 Dec 2021 01:48:56 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/srmists-sph-marks-success-of-health-survey/ Chennai:

The SRM Institute of Science and Technology (SRMIST) School of Public Health (SPH), Kattankulathur, celebrated the success and dissemination of key findings from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS -5) for the State of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry at SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Center (SRM MCH & RC).

NFHS-5, the fifth in the NFHS series, provides population, health and nutrition information for India and each State / Union Territory (UT) and also provides district level data. NFHS-5 includes new topics, such as preschool education, disability, toilet access, death registration, menstrual hygiene and abortion. The scope of clinical, anthropometric and biochemical (CAB) tests has also been extended to include measurement of waist circumference and hips, and the age range for measurement of blood pressure and blood sugar has been broadened.

Key guest Dr P Kuganantham, a member of the Chief Minister’s expert advisory committee for COVID-19, said: “This is a revelation on India’s state of health. Data helps make decisions. It highlights the public health of the community and the nation as a whole. “

He developed and articulated the strategies used in Survey 1 conducted in 1993. He said that public health is always on the sidelines. During a pandemic, it was public health that came to the rescue in TN, he said and added: “During COVID, only a third of those affected were admitted to hospitals, while the others were treated by a good public health system in TN. “

Appreciating the dedication of SPH, pro-chancellor (academics), Dr P Sathyanarayanan said, “The purpose of such ‘findings’ is to prevent a pandemic such as COVID 19.

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Don’t dismiss Omicron as “gentle”. Take it from a long-haul Covid | JD Davids https://templodoconhecimento.com/dont-dismiss-omicron-as-gentle-take-it-from-a-long-haul-covid-jd-davids/ Thu, 23 Dec 2021 17:24:00 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/dont-dismiss-omicron-as-gentle-take-it-from-a-long-haul-covid-jd-davids/

On On Wednesday, the New York Times – and others – published what seemed like good news. “Omicron infections appear to be milder, report three research teams,” says the headline. Many readers must have been relieved to see this news, especially with cases skyrocketing even as the holiday season is in full swing.

As someone living with post-viral conditions exacerbated by Long Covid, I have read the story carefully. I noted the preliminary nature of the data from South Africa, Scotland and England, and the prediction that Omicron’s greater contagiousness would likely still drag many more people into already overcrowded hospitals.

But despite these caveats, I felt little relieved or reassured after reading the article. It did not contain any mention of Long Covid. Not one. This is not a minor oversight; it is a fundamental and dangerous misinterpretation of our world situation and the future that lies ahead.

We still have a lot to learn about Covid-19, including this new variant. But one thing we are certain of is that ‘mild Covid’ can be debilitating and lead to long-term or permanent illness and disability.

We now know that at least 10-30% of those who survive any Covid infection (asymptomatic or “mild” to severe) will live with (and sometimes die from) long-term Covid – a chronic syndrome crippling long-term, permanent, even fatal or fatal, the biological pathways of which are still widely unrecognized.

Even before Omicron, the CDC estimates there have been at least 146.6 million Covid infections in the United States alone – meaning at least 15 million people are estimated to have a long Covid.

And now, many once healthy people who now have long Covid are facing the Omicron wave made more vulnerable by conditions known to dramatically increase the risk of severe or fatal Covid – including long diabetes associated with Covid, stroke and lung disease.

When Omicron first hit the news in November, initial reports from South Africa indicated that many cases were mild. In some ways, this was quite predictable – the nation has a relatively young population, and more severe disease often takes several weeks to develop.

But the rapid spread of this speculation has not been politically neutral. And the potential consequences are not at all benign.

The “light” theme was quickly picked up by leaders who pledged never to repeat the blockages and other restrictions of previous waves. Tension that spreads faster as a holiday season approaches in many parts of the world would have drastic economic implications.

It was also an opportunity for the dogs to whistle over “herd immunity,” the robot-fueled and mistaken notion embraced by some of the same forces that promote climate science denial: what to prevent the spread of Covid -19 would become unnecessary or even harmful by delaying natural immunity or the development of a truly insignificant dominant strain globally.

But Omicron, less resistant to vaccines and natural immunity, is behind a huge global wave of infection. So even if there is a plus percentage mild cases, we expect a terrible death toll and strained health systems. An individual infection can quickly escalate into a multigenerational tragedy, multiplied globally. A mild infection in a youngster this Christmas could quickly lead to the death of their grandparents.

And few reports on Omicron have even long mentioned Covid as a concern. If we were in the terrifying first days of 2020, perhaps we could forgive the beleaguered general public and exhausted world leaders for not also referring to long Covid as a terrible consequence of a Covid wave.

After all, those of us living with post-viral conditions – such as ME / CFS, Dysautonomia, Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (Pots) – are used to being ignored, disbelieving, or misguided. We were on a few radars before Covid; even now, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Recover initiative on Long Covid has virtually ignored post-viral researchers and sidelined patient advocates.

But it has been clear for over a year that even an asymptomatic infection carries a significant risk of long Covid – a broad spectrum of over 200 symptoms and conditions that can appear months after initial infection or apparent recovery, and leave children, adults and the elderly with disabilities, chronically ill and desperate for medical care, income, shelter or even recognition that their suffering is due to genuine physical conditions.

On December 15, Dr Salim Abdool Karim of South Africa, co-author of the Omicron SARS-CoV-2 variant: a new chapter in the COVID-19 pandemic in the Lancet, told a global audience of Zoom :

“I have no idea what lies ahead with regard to Covid… This is a really important question, and this is especially the case because Omicron is spreading so quickly and so widely so quickly – the number of people infected is so great that… if this is a common consequence of even a mild infection, you can imagine it, even if in 10% of people there are going to be a lot of people with a long Covid. This is definitely something we want to keep a close eye on.

As comrades on a terrible journey, people with post-viral conditions shared everything we’ve learned with people with long-lasting Covid – like the importance of resting and pacing instead. to overcome ME / CFS fatigue, and the shocking reality that ME / CFS has the lowest amount of NIH research funding relative to the burden of disease in the population.

We now shudder at the idea that more will join our ranks. There is nothing benign about the massive wave of loss and suffering that is sweeping our world. As a global community, we repeat phrases like “the majority of cases are mild” at our peril.

We have already lost too many lives due to the false hope that Covid-19 will become milder or subside. We have spent months without significant investments in indoor ventilation, the distribution of effective masks and global access to vaccines. We need sustainable systems of allowances, housing security and basic income support to avoid infection with Covid or deal with post-viral illnesses.

It is time to choose our words and our policies much more carefully. Let’s start by including the analysis of Long Covid and Post-Viral Illness in any report, speculation, or policy, starting with this Omicron wave.

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]]> Positioning the human factor at the center of climate change https://templodoconhecimento.com/positioning-the-human-factor-at-the-center-of-climate-change/ Sun, 19 Dec 2021 22:00:01 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/positioning-the-human-factor-at-the-center-of-climate-change/

By Peter Makwanya

TOO MUCH has been said about the environment as the epicenter of climate change while human activities have been cited as the main drivers of global warming. The placement of human beings in the climate crisis as a whole is sometimes not very much emphasized compared to what has been said about human activities.

Although people are the main drivers of global warming through various activities, it is difficult to separate them from their human activities. Thus, we sometimes forget that it is the populations who are subjected to climatic risks. Therefore, human activities are sometimes more covered than the people themselves. In this regard, human activities are not people, but the processes and main ingredients of climate change.

With climate change the least understood, the least materialized despite the impacts unfolding as evidence, this is the most abstract, dubious and confused subject. The abstract nature of climate change is mainly pronounced through complex science and statistics, although climate change is still seen as an interdisciplinary and cross-cutting phenomenon. Interdisciplinary yes, but science dominates this community of practice more than human nature.

Facts, ambivalences and rhetoric from many sides and directions have not placed human beings sufficiently on the receiving end of the crisis compared to the causes.

Amid the calamities of climate change, the climate narrative must demonstrate that there is light at the end of the tunnel, the lighter side of climate change that can be humorous and satirical to some extent. Despite the urgency and gravity of climate change, why can’t people joke and laugh about it and why can’t it be demonstrated that human beings have also come of age and come up with the actions, answers and amazing interventions that are helping to save lives.

There are people who face extraordinary circumstances of climate change. They are climate heroes and infantry because climate change has become one of the most difficult issues of the 21st century. The usual rhetoric and drama about forest rejuvenation and supposed reforestation around the world must be paired with evidence on the ground, with real heroes being credited with putting carbon under the ground, cultivating and maintaining sinks. If done in the right way, these people will leave a legacy. Their stories will be told for decades. May these stories and their struggles shape the global climate discourse and turn into lifelong testimonies. Investing in forestry or forestry lies has no place in sustainable development because lies have short legs.

The integration of climate knowledge and the dissemination of information for rural and urban poor people increases their readiness for resilience as well as the global knowledge and understanding of the climate phenomenon at large. It is essential that people are able to translate climate information into paths and actions to deal with their own situations.

As the majority of people’s lives are negatively affected by climate change, there are people who offer inspiring solutions in their communities. Their stories have yet to be told or documented. The reason why these stories have not come to light is that such voices are suppressed.

They cannot speak for themselves, someone has to speak and think for them. They have limited access to platforms that help them voice their concerns.

One thing that many people don’t seem to realize is that there is already too much carbon in the atmosphere (the measurements don’t matter right now), which is enough to send chills down the road. back a lot. Right now, there are people who are trying so hard to manage these shows with or without the usual limelight that has chaperoned those from developed communities, but they are in the background.

Back home, businesses like mobile phone companies can help write people’s stories and also improve their brands and corporate images if they provide the database for the underprivileged and marginalized, make them pay less. expensive data so that they are not excluded from these development paradigms and enjoy the benefits of technology.

It is common knowledge and public domain that these companies are in business, but as part of their corporate social responsibility (CSR), they can help those on the front lines of climate risk to help them manage their situations. The same goes for energy companies, as part of their community engagement and CSR, they can place people at the heart of sustainable development, climate resilience and mitigation. There is no form of climate justice that surpasses these climate action strategies and corporate responsibilities.

Sustainable people-centered climate narratives strengthen livelihood options and help people avoid climate vices such as climate migration, climate-induced mental health issues and suicide, human-to-human conflict, and human-wildlife conflict due to competition for scarce resources.

Successful human-centered stories need the support of simple, clean, and renewable rural technologies to generate electricity during the day, store it for cooking at night and light, or power pumps that draw electricity. basement water for household chores and small-scale drip irrigation schemes.

In this way, people will have been placed at the heart of a green recovery, of a resilient and inclusive integration. Investing in people today is essential and transformative for a better future.

In the discourse on resilience and mitigation, people should be placed at the heart of sustainable development in order to strengthen their voices, their livelihood options, for mitigation actions. This is important for changing lives, building strong institutions and developing infrastructure.

  • Peter Makwanya is a climate change communicator. He is writing here in his personal capacity and can be contacted at: petrovmoyt@gmail.com

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