Scientific context – Templo Do Conhecimento http://templodoconhecimento.com/ Fri, 02 Sep 2022 15:44:49 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://templodoconhecimento.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/cropped-icon-32x32.png Scientific context – Templo Do Conhecimento http://templodoconhecimento.com/ 32 32 Laboratory equipment market size worth USD 85,801 million https://templodoconhecimento.com/laboratory-equipment-market-size-worth-usd-85801-million/ Fri, 02 Sep 2022 15:30:00 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/laboratory-equipment-market-size-worth-usd-85801-million/

New York, U.S., Sept. 02, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Overview of the laboratory equipment market

According to a comprehensive research report by Market Research Future (MRFR), “laboratory equipment market Information by product type, application, end user and region – Forecast to 2030“, the market will reach $85,801.35 million by 2030, at a CAGR of 7.40%.

Laboratory Equipment Market Synopsis

Medical laboratories need various supplies to perform tests and conduct research. These can be found in various laboratories, including research laboratories, clinical diagnostic laboratories, microbiology laboratories and teaching laboratories, where they are used to conduct scientific experiments, conduct research and perform analyzes on various scientific materials. Innovative technologies, such as specialized tools, are developed by public and commercial research organizations through research and development operations to diagnose and treat various diseases around the world. Due to developments in biological and chemical research, there has been an increase in the availability of laboratory supplies. According to the industry, there is a growing need for laboratory equipment due to the growing number of clinical laboratory tests and life science research initiatives.

The laboratory equipment and disposables market is estimated to grow significantly over the forecast period owing to technological expansion in the field of laboratory equipment, an increase in the number of clinical diagnostic procedures and increased investment in private and public health care. Beneficial insurance policies for laboratory equipment are also contributing to the expansion of the market. Additionally, the market for laboratory supplies and disposables is growing owing to an increase in research in the fields of life sciences and biotechnology. Additionally, it is expected that procurement managers in the pharmaceutical and healthcare sectors will have a higher demand for a constant supply of essential laboratory equipment in the coming years.

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Report Scope:

Report attribute Details
Market size 2030 $85,801.35 million
CAGR 7.40%
base year 2021
Forecast period 2022-2030
Historical data 2020
Forecast units Value (USD billion)
Report cover Revenue forecasts, competitive landscape, growth factors and trends
Segments Covered By product type, application and end user
Geographical areas covered North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of the World (RoW)
Key Market Drivers Technical advancement in the laboratory equipment industry
Growing number of drug research operations and adoption for accurate and timely treatment of diseases

Competitive Landscape of Laboratory Equipment Market:

The main players in the laboratory equipment market are:

  • Agilent Technologies, Inc. (USA)
  • comics (US)
  • Hoffmann LA-Roche AG (Switzerland)
  • PerkinElmer Inc. (USA)
  • Beckman Coulter, Inc. (USA)
  • Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. (USA)
  • Bruce (USA)
  • Eppendorf AG (Germany)
  • Shimadzu Corporation (Japan)
  • Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. (USA)
  • Waters (USA)

Covered USP market:

Market factors:

Vital growth drivers in the laboratory equipment market are increasing number of pharmaceutical research operations, increasing demand for correct and timely treatment of diseases and increasing levels of private and public research funding to support research operations. Scientific Research. Several tools are needed in laboratories to perform tests and research. General laboratory technology is used in research, teaching, clinical laboratories, quality assurance, R&D, advertising and other applications. By enabling faster analysis through lab technology, the lab can perform more daily tests, which improves its value. This can result in cost reductions for supplies, maintenance, regulatory paperwork and general expenses.

There is an increasing demand for laboratory equipment to introduce advanced technologies in the market due to the increase in chronic diseases such as chronic respiratory, cardiovascular and diabetes diseases and the incidence of mode-related diseases. life such as heart disease, obesity and atherosclerosis. Beneficial insurance policies for laboratory equipment are also contributing to the expansion of the market. Additionally, the market for laboratory supplies and disposables is growing owing to an increase in research in the fields of life sciences and biotechnology.

Market constraints:

The high cost of advanced laboratory equipment and the scarcity of clinical laboratories in some countries are limiting market expansion.

COVID 19 analysis of the laboratory equipment market

Coronavirus research has increased due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The need for SARS-CoV-2 testing in clinical laboratories increased as the pandemic spread. Laboratories have increased their spending on pathology equipment due to increased demand for these test kits. The introduction of beneficial government programs and growing awareness of the need to improve patient care will support the expansion of the market shortly.

Browse the in-depth (111 pages) Laboratory Equipment Market Research Report: https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/reports/laboratory-equipment-market-8365

However, since the main purpose of the lockdown was to avoid intimate contact with others, laboratories conducting pre-pandemic disease research were closed as the need for laboratory materials was low. The capacities of the laboratories develop in parallel with technological developments. Thanks to new technologies, scientists and laboratory technicians can work better and faster than ever before. Artificial intelligence, automation, miniaturization and smart technology are advancing in the real world and simplifying lab life. At the same time, the need to deliver results quickly is also increasing. Laboratories must therefore be fast and flexible. For laboratory managers, streamlining the purchasing process is a major strategy for increasing productivity. The lab’s suppliers also simplify the ordering and product selection processes.

Segmentation of the laboratory equipment market

By product type

The market is segmented on the basis of product type into incubators, centrifuges, spectrometers, oscilloscopes, sonicators, autoclaves, others. The incubator segment will lead the overall market during the forecast period.

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By app

The market is segmented on the basis of applications in biochemistry, endocrinology, microbiology, genetic testing, others. The biochemicals segment will lead the overall market during the forecast period.

Final user

The hospital segment will lead the overall market during the forecast period.

Regional Overview of Laboratory Equipment Market

However, since the main purpose of the lockdown was to avoid intimate contact with others, laboratories conducting pre-pandemic disease research were closed as the need for laboratory materials was low. The capacities of the laboratories develop in parallel with technological developments. Thanks to new technologies, scientists and laboratory technicians can work better and faster than ever before. Artificial intelligence, automation, miniaturization and smart technology are advancing in the real world and simplifying lab life. At the same time, the need to deliver results quickly is also increasing. Laboratories must therefore be fast and flexible. For laboratory managers, streamlining the purchasing process is a major strategy for increasing productivity. The lab’s suppliers also simplify the ordering and product selection processes.

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Due to the coronavirus outbreak, many companies are also working to create treatments and vaccines, helping the market grow. Due to the growing adoption of clinical diagnostic tests, increasing disposable income, increasing R&D and innovation activities, and awareness of disease prevention and early testing, the Asia region -Pacific holds a major market share for laboratory equipment and disposable products and has high growth potential. In addition, the prevalence of infectious diseases is increasing.

Discover more research reports on The health industryby Market Research Future:

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About Market Research Future:

Market Research Future (MRFR) is a global market research company that prides itself on its services, offering comprehensive and accurate analysis with respect to various markets and consumers around the world. Market Research Future has the distinct objective of providing clients with top quality research and granular research. Our market research by products, services, technologies, applications, end users and market players for global, regional and country market segments enables our clients to see more, know more and do more , which helps answer your most important questions. questions.

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		We must prioritize food and nutrition security – The Irish Times
		https://templodoconhecimento.com/we-must-prioritize-food-and-nutrition-security-the-irish-times/
		
		
		Mon, 29 Aug 2022 04:03:55 +0000
				
		https://templodoconhecimento.com/we-must-prioritize-food-and-nutrition-security-the-irish-times/

					
										

The Belfast Accord turns 25 next April. From the late 1960s, the solitary voice of John Hume had argued that the context for resolving the conflict in Northern Ireland needed to change: from the narrow terrain of clashing trade unionism and nationalism, to a new context and a whole relationships involving three strands – in Northern Ireland; North/South, between Northern Ireland and the Republic; and east/west, between the British and Irish governments.

The achievement of the agreement, based on these three components, required a strong commitment from the British and Irish governments, illustrated by the leadership of Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern. Added to this were Northern Ireland’s leading political leaders, John Hume, David Trimble and Gerry Adams, with the courage and skills to bring their respective constituents with them: “taking risks for peace” described him to the time.

The lessons learned from the agreement may be relevant for the island of Ireland in tackling the current climate crisis and the related issue of food and nutrition security. They relate to the rapidly changing context, internationally and nationally; the need for strong government leadership; and the possibilities for progress if actors beyond government are willing to embrace more substantial change than before.

Internationally, the 2015 Paris Agreement aims to slow the rate of global warming to 1.5 degrees above the pre-industrial era. Progress towards this goal is lagging, but the agreement and its follow-up COP climate summits remain critically important.

The 2021 Food Systems Summit, convened by the United Nations to highlight the link between sustainable food systems and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, saw more than 100 countries commit to transforming their food systems.

At the national level, Ireland has gone from being a “laggard” in its climate policy, as then Taoiseach Leo Varadkar acknowledged in 2018, to legislating for a 51% reduction in emissions by 2030, a step towards achieving net zero emissions. by 2050

The 2022 Ukraine crisis has led to rising food and energy prices, which could contribute to a major humanitarian catastrophe in the Horn of Africa in the coming months. A longer-term consequence will be that many countries and regions will give higher priority to their own food and nutrition security and to reducing their dependence on imports from Ukraine and Russia for their food supplies. food, fertilizer and energy.

At the national level, Ireland has gone from being a “laggard” in its climate policy, as then Taoiseach Leo Varadkar acknowledged in 2018, to legislating for a 51% reduction in emissions by 2030, a step towards achieving net zero emissions by 2050. These goals are among the most ambitious internationally and a major national effort, with huge implications for our economy and way of life, will be needed to achieve them.

These international and national political and legal commitments represent an important change of context. The public is increasingly aware of the urgent need for climate action, given the increased frequency of severe weather events, including the current drought across Europe, and the recent sharp rise in price inflation food and energy.

At the heart of this shift in public awareness should be a simple proposition: ensuring food and nutrition security, alongside environmental sustainability, should have the highest political priority, at international, European and national levels.

It is against this backdrop that the Irish government and key players in climate and agri-food policy must decide how they will work together to achieve Ireland’s 2030 and 2050 targets.

2022 can be a turning point, like in 1950s Europe when post-war fear of hunger underpinned the creation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in the emerging European Economic Community. Or the early 1970s, when the science-driven Green Revolution overcame the specter of mass starvation in a number of developing countries.

Learning from these past experiences should contribute to substantial policy redesign, but the application of science and innovation in building sustainable food systems remains of paramount importance.

Today’s international agricultural research agenda differs from that of the Green Revolution, focusing on nature-friendly production, more diverse and resilient agricultural systems, reduced food waste, and health and fertility. soils.

The commitment of the more than 100 countries present at the summit to embark on “national pathways for the transformation of their food system” must be supported by their own investment decisions and by international assistance.

Increased support for local food systems and shorter value chains from producer to consumer should go hand in hand with maintaining an open international trading system.

The increased emphasis on the science of change should be accompanied by attention to the sociology of change. The discourse between agriculture and environmental interests has been divided in recent years

At the European level, the latest CAP reform is allied to the European Green Deal and its linked farm-to-table and biodiversity strategies. Increased attention to Europe’s food and nutrition security should be at the heart of the implementation of these strategies.

The policy framework for Ireland’s transition to a more sustainable food system is set out in Food Vision 2030 (approved by the government in August 2021) and in the agreement on sectoral emissions caps in July 2022.

The central aim of Food Vision 2030 is for Ireland to become an international leader in sustainable food systems by 2030. The agreement that there should be a 25% reduction in agricultural emissions by 2030 is part of a broader view of how the sector can play a positive role in achieving Ireland’s climate goals, including increased carbon capture, on-farm renewable energy and anaerobic digestion.

The challenges related to the implementation of these two government decisions are considerable. More clarity is needed on the scientific path to achieving the emissions target. Teagasc has a key role to play in this area and in promoting behavior change at all stages of the value chain to achieve this. A sustained focus on implementation with a Whole-of-Government/Whole-Sector approach is needed, addressing water quality, ammonia and biodiversity while protecting economic gains.

The increased emphasis on the science of change should be accompanied by attention to the sociology of change. The discourse between agriculture and environmental interests has been divided in recent years. The spirit of this speech should shift from unnecessary antagonisms displayed to a speech based on good science and civility. This would allow for faster and better progress on what should be a shared agri-environment scheme aimed at achieving Ireland’s national climate targets.

Tom Arnold chaired the stakeholder committee that produced Food Vision 2030 and is the Irish Government’s Special Envoy for Food Systems. This article is based on a keynote address at the International Symposium on Climate-Resilient Agri-Environmental Systems taking place in Dublin this week

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Joburg deploys geoinformatics to improve spatial configuration https://templodoconhecimento.com/joburg-deploys-geoinformatics-to-improve-spatial-configuration/ Wed, 24 Aug 2022 11:43:33 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/joburg-deploys-geoinformatics-to-improve-spatial-configuration/

The City of Johannesburg uses digital geoinformatics for a range of functions, including resource and infrastructure inventory, provision of street names and address management, as well as land use management, zoning and town planning.

Other geoinformatics applications used include digital mapping systems for public data provision; health care planning and surveillance of public health risks; proximity analysis of city services; and transportation planning and service routing.

The city is also deploying geoinformatics for development law enforcement, emergency management services, disaster response, housing, human settlement strategies, and comprehensive land administration, among others.

Roxanne-Pyal Parthab, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Specialist in the Corporate Geoinformatics Branch (CGIS), best describes the City’s deployment of geoinformatics.

“It’s the science of ‘where,’ which answers questions like what’s where, why, when, and how,” Parthab explains.

She says geoinformatics is the broad, overarching discipline concerned with using various forms of scientific infrastructure, technology, information systems, and geographic data to solve problems in the built environment. It sheds light on decision-making around the human-environment link.

Geoinformatics comprises several interconnected branches of study, including geography, GIS, engineering, spatial statistics, survey, geometry, remote sensing, and geodesy, among several other disciplines that inform urban planning.

Parthab claims that the city’s development planning department is the custodian of “space” in the municipality and the building block of space as a “plot of land” or “property”. The Land Information System (LIS) Land Value Chain, which is the City’s sole source of land information, manages the lifecycle of a property, and all other systems feed off of this source of information. information. If a property is not on the City’s GIS, it cannot be billed.

“Geoinformatics therefore plays a crucial role in the management of parcels of land under the City’s jurisdiction. The electronic map containing data on each property of the City is captured, maintained and linked to various systems that ensure the proper delivery of municipal services as well as maintaining accurate billing records Geoinformatics is a central part of the municipality’s real estate value chain, linking the property (land), a person (property) and the meter (services and billing)” , adds Parthab.

She says geoinformatics and land use planning are inextricably linked. “Most spatial planning and design processes require the use of geographic datasets and various geographic processing tools. A branch of geoinformatics is spatial statistics, which governs the fundamental concepts of spatial planning. Geoinformatics informs the urban planning and design process by facilitating the analysis and modeling of spatial data.”

Some aspects of geo-information operate in real time, including satellite imagery, remote sensing, data, and visualization dashboards. There are various GIS location services available and various real-time GIS tools applicable, such as GeoEvent Processor and 3D City Engine.

Most of the geographic data used by city planners is not real-time data, but spatially accurate representations of the ground, captured or updated daily by Corporate Geo-Informatics, ensuring that essential data sets that are not captured in real time are always up to date. date and as accurate as possible for planners.

All data collected by the City’s geoinformatics system, including records entered by the cadastre, zoning and address sections, are stored in the CGIS database which runs on the SQL server.

“The database administrator assigns rights to the different sections according to their different roles so that each team can only update the data of its section, thus minimizing the possibility of errors and inaccuracies in the capture sections. Data that has been modified or updated is replicated to the RGDB database (reports), which is the data displayed by the website. The data is also replicated to the LIS_PROD database which is runs on DB2, which is used to send information to rates, ratings, and other city departments.

Parthab adds that more than 80% of all municipal information has a spatial context and can therefore be linked to a map. Moreover, a GIS is the only tool capable of integrating information from various sources and linking it spatially for analysis.

“It is therefore the ideal decision support tool for informed decision-making in a diverse environment such as local government.”

The good news for anyone interested in learning more about geoinformatics is that a virtual training course is available on the CGIS online map portal. It is free and includes an introduction to the City’s online maps website. To book a session, send an email to Roxannep@joburg.org.za or ims@joburg.org.za with the subject “Online Maps Website Training”.

Training is offered Monday to Friday from 12 p.m. to 2 p.m., by reservation and by invitation only. The training is open to City employees and the general public.

Written by Brümilda Swartbooi

24.08.2022

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The QU College of Business and Economics organizes the “Global Sustainability Space Challenge” https://templodoconhecimento.com/the-qu-college-of-business-and-economics-organizes-the-global-sustainability-space-challenge/ Mon, 22 Aug 2022 19:28:00 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/the-qu-college-of-business-and-economics-organizes-the-global-sustainability-space-challenge/

The College of Business and Economics (CBE) at Qatar University (QU) is partnering with Metavisionaries to organize a “Global Sustainability Space Challenge”, alongside preparations for Qatar to host the World Cup of FIFA 2022.

The competition is organized by international partners including ICE Cubes and Space Applications Services, CBE Dean Professor Rana Sobh told a press conference. Funded by NASA, the European Space Agency and the International Space University, the competition is sponsored locally by several organizations and agencies, including the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change.
“The competition emphasizes the value of using space’s unlimited resources and what can be done to create a space economy and protect the environment,” she explained.
The contest also offers young people a unique opportunity to discover the importance of space exploration as a driving force in international efforts to solve the major problems that threaten the sustainability of life on Earth.
Professor Adam Fadlallah, Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, said the CBE had a number of achievements including: the introduction of two executive master’s degrees for the first time at QU and a minor in taxation. CBE’s accounting department offers a minor in the area of ​​business analysis.
Professor Dr Mostafa Hassan, Head of Department of Accounting and Information Systems at CBE, has announced the achievement of specialist academic accreditation for accounting programs from the International Association for the Advancement of Accounting Colleges in ‘company.
The department, the first in Qatar and among the 1% of all similar accounting programs worldwide that have this specialist accreditation, has renewed professional accreditation from CPA Australia and signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Institute of Management Accountants and another with the Qatar Association of Chartered Accountants.
Professor Dr. Muhammad Qaid, Head of Department of Finance and Economics, pointed out that the Finance and Accounting major has entered the ranks of the top 201-250 universities in the world according to the QS Classification of Universities for Academic Majors, in addition to entering economics and econometrics majors from top 401-450 universities.
The department has signed a memorandum of understanding between QU and the Doha Chartered Financial Analysts Association and is seeking certification from the Chartered Management Institute, according to Dr Ibrahim al-Nawas, head of the institution’s management and marketing department.
The department will launch a new major in Human Resource Management and also seek accreditation from the Chartered Institute of Marketing, the world’s largest organization for the development of marketing professionals.
Dr. Said al-Banna, Director of the Center for Entrepreneurship and Academic Excellence, spoke about his role inside and outside Qatar and his work with QU’s partners in the public and private sector and the signing of partnerships with the institutions concerned.
CBE graduate students have participated in 31 research papers accepted and published in accredited international scientific journals, and faculty members have published 149 papers in indexed scientific journals.
In addition to the faculty members receiving a large number of internal grants, they also received 10 external grants from the Qatar National Fund for Scientific Research.
Professor Belaid Aouni, Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies, emphasized that the high-quality research outputs of CBE faculty members and graduate students contribute to the continuous enrichment and development of knowledge and have a positive impact on the business community.
In this context, Professor Sobh pointed out that as part of the vision to activate the role of scientific research and its practical applications to have a tangible impact on society, the first startup Genesis Technologies was created in 2020 thanks to with a grant from the Qatar National Research Fund.
Dr. Karim El Yafi, one of the main researchers of the project, explained that the company has developed a unique type of blockchain technology called “MaxYa” which aims to recycle computing power into securing blockchain data for contribute to solving difficult mathematical problems. . It has direct application in the business world, for example, supply chain management and improving logistics operations in various fields.
Dr. Mazen al-Masry, one of the project’s lead researchers, said the technology is environmentally friendly and designed for durability and ease of connection to the network without the need for advanced carbon-intensive devices. .

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On World Humanitarian Day, ICESCO calls for strengthening social and humanitarian assistance programs https://templodoconhecimento.com/on-world-humanitarian-day-icesco-calls-for-strengthening-social-and-humanitarian-assistance-programs/ Fri, 19 Aug 2022 10:50:00 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/on-world-humanitarian-day-icesco-calls-for-strengthening-social-and-humanitarian-assistance-programs/

Baku, August 19, AZERTAC

As the world celebrates World Humanitarian Day today, the World Organization for Islamic Education, Science and Culture (ICESCO) calls for mobilization and solidarity to promote humanitarian action in the Islamic world and beyond, according to the organization’s official website.

The Organization urges countries and governments to prioritize funding for social and humanitarian action and the strengthening of policies and programs that take into account social assistance and mental health to support women and children victims of oppression, wars and conflicts.

In this context, ICESCO reaffirmed its commitment to strengthen efforts and coordinate joint action within the framework of a global humanitarian alliance to support the most vulnerable groups, namely children, women, the elderly , people with special needs, migrants and displaced people. Furthermore, the Organization salutes the courage and dedication of humanitarian volunteers in achieving peace and security in the world, particularly in the context of armed conflicts and wars, and the negative repercussions of the Covid-19 pandemic. 19.

Furthermore, ICESCO seeks to consolidate humanitarian action through its action strategy, programs and initiatives aimed at promoting the values ​​of peace, solidarity and mercy, in particular the 360° peace approach of ICESCO, the initiative of the International Day of Mercy, April 21 every year, the medical, social and educational caravans, the project of innovation and promotion of entrepreneurship among women and young people to counter the effects of Covid-19, the peace and security leadership training program and the launch of the ICESCO guide for psychosocial support to families, communities and educational personnel.

AZERTAG.AZ :On World Humanitarian Day, ICESCO calls for strengthening social and humanitarian assistance programs

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Mother’s voice reduces pain for premature babies in intensive care unit https://templodoconhecimento.com/mothers-voice-reduces-pain-for-premature-babies-in-intensive-care-unit/ Mon, 15 Aug 2022 11:00:02 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/mothers-voice-reduces-pain-for-premature-babies-in-intensive-care-unit/

It’s not easy to be born, and when you come into the world earlier than you should, you need extra help, including painful beatings and beatings with various unfriendly medical devices. Fortunately, new research has discovered that one simple and inexhaustible thing can limit this pain and discomfort: the mother’s voice.

The research, published in the journal Scientific Reports, was conducted by a team from the University of Geneva (UNIGE), in collaboration with Parini Hospital in Italy and the University of Val d’Aosta. They report that their findings demonstrate how important it is for parents to have access to babies during newborn care, especially since simply hearing a parent’s voice can significantly improve the experience of a premature baby during treatment.

Premature babies are all newborns born at a gestational age of less than 260 days or before 37 weeks and weighing less than 2,500 kg. As a result, their organs have not developed properly, which can lead to a number of complications. Thanks to modern medicine, these babies can survive with intubation, feeding tubes and regular monitoring. However, the system is flawed because these small bodies do not tolerate painkillers well. This is why specialists in neonatology departments resort to alternative methods of pain relief, such as wraps, sugar solutions and the administration of a pacifier (without any nutritional value for the child).

Previous research has already shown that the presence of the mother or father can have a calming effect on their babies (especially if spoken to in a soothing tone). This inspired Didier Grandjean, professor at the Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences (FPSE) as well as at the Swiss Center for Affective Sciences (CISA) of UNIGE and their team to deepen the study of the influence of the mother’s voice over the premature baby.

For this, the specialists decided to follow the development of 20 premature babies at the Parini hospital in Italy. They encourage their mother to be present during the daily blood tests (the blood is taken by pricking the heel, not the arm). The scientists then compared the babies’ reactions to the injections under three different conditions – only when the mother was present, when the mother spoke to them and when the mother sang to them.

“For the purposes of the study, the mother starts talking or singing five minutes before the injection, during the injection and after the operation – specifies Professor Grandjean. – We also measured the loudness of the voice – ie. its ability to drown out the noise around us, as intensive care units are often quite noisy due to ventilators and other medical devices.

Using the Preterm Infant Pain Profile (PIPP), which assesses facial expressions and psychological signs of pain (heart rate, oxygenation), scientists found that the presence of the mother had a strong influence. When she’s not around, the PIPP is around 4.5, but drops to 3 when she’s talking to her child. The value drops by 3.8 when you sing to him. According to the researchers, this is explained by the fact that in “baby talk”, the mother changes her voice more often specifically for her baby than when she sings.

Oxytocin is also affected, dropping from 0.8 picograms per milliliter to 1.4 when the mother speaks, a significant change for the hormone often referred to as the “love drug”.

“We demonstrate the importance of parent-child reunification, especially in the delicate context of intensive care,” explains Manuela Filipa, one of the lead authors.

“Also, in this situation, parents take on a protective role and may feel more involved in trying to make their child feel as good as possible, which reinforces the basic attachment bonds that are commonly taken for acquired in completely exhausted children.” , concludes Grandjean.

The research is published in Scientific Reports.

Source: IFLScience

Photo: M. Moira / Shutterstock

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California is due for a ‘mega flood’ that could drop 100 inches of rain https://templodoconhecimento.com/california-is-due-for-a-mega-flood-that-could-drop-100-inches-of-rain/ Fri, 12 Aug 2022 23:38:00 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/california-is-due-for-a-mega-flood-that-could-drop-100-inches-of-rain/
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A mention of California might typically conjure up images of wildfires and droughts, but scientists say the Golden State is also the site of extreme, once-a-century ‘megafloods’ – and that climate change could amplify how bad we become.

The idea seems inconceivable – a month-long storm dumping 30 inches of rain in San Francisco and up to 100 inches of rain and/or sleet in the mountains. But it’s happened before – most recently in 1862 – and if history is any indicator, we’re waiting for another, according to a study published Friday in Science Advances that seeks to shed light on the danger lurking.

“This risk is increasing and was already underestimated,” said Daniel Swain, one of the study’s two authors and a climatologist at the University of California, Los Angeles. “We want to get ahead.”

In such a case, some in the Sierra Nevada could end up with 25 to 34 feet of snow, and most of California’s major highways would be washed out or become inaccessible.

Swain is working with emergency management officials and the National Weather Service, explaining that it’s not about whether a mega-flood will happen, but when..

It happened before in 1862, and it probably happened about five times every millennium before that,” he said. “On a human scale, 100 or 200 years sounds like a long time. But these are fairly regular occurrences.

What is driving the massive and destructive rains across the country

His paper built on the work of other scientists, who examined sediment layers along the coastline to determine the frequency of mega-floods. They found evidence of extreme freshwater runoff, which washed soil and stony material out to sea. These layers of material were buried under years of sand. The depth of the layers and the size of the pebbles and other materials they contain give insight into the severity of past floods.

“It hasn’t happened in recent memory, so it’s kind of ‘out of sight, out of mind,'” Swain said. [California is] a region that is in the perfect zone… in a climatological and geographical context.

On the west coast there are usually atmospheric rivers or currents of moisture-rich air at mid-atmospheric levels with connections to the deep tropics. For a California Megaflood to occur, an area of ​​nearly stationary low pressure would be needed in the Pacific Northeast, which would project a succession of high-end atmospheric rivers onto the California coast.

Videos posted to social media on October 24, 2021 showed storm and flood damage in California and Oregon as an “atmospheric river” hit the region. (Video: The Washington Post)

“These would be families of atmospheric rivers,” Swain said. “You get one of those semi-evergreens [dips in the jet stream] over the Pacific Northeast that falters for a few weeks and allows winter storm after winter storm across the Pacific Northeast into California.

The newspaper warns of “extraordinary impacts” and reports that such an episode could transform “the interior valleys of Sacramento and San Joaquin into a temporary but vast inland sea nearly 300 miles long and [inundate] much of the now densely populated coastal plain in present-day Los Angeles and Orange counties.

The effects of a month-long barrage of soggy storms could be disastrous, but Swain notes that it’s possible to have advance warning.

“It’s something that we would see coming three to five days, and hopefully a week and maybe even two weeks, with a probabilistic type of prediction,” Swain said. “We would have a decent amount of warning for that.”

Atmospheric rivers that flood the west coast are rated on a scale of 1 to 5 as hurricanes

Swain’s simulations showed that the likelihood of a mega-flood occurring is much greater during El Niño-dominated winters than during La Niña-influenced winters. El Niño is a large-scale chain reaction pattern between the atmosphere and the ocean that can dominate the atmosphere for several years at a time, and it usually begins with above-normal sea surface temperatures in the eastern tropical Pacific.

“When you look at the eight highest monthly precipitation totals in the simulations, eight out of eight happened in El Niño years,” Swain said.

The influence of human-caused climate change also plays a role: Swain says he’s raising the ceiling for a mega-flood.

“We have several scenarios. The future is much bigger, in line with [climate change],” he said. “In the historical scenario, the lesser, parts of the Sierra Nevada see 50 to 60 inches of liquid equivalent precipitation…but in the future some places see 70 to 80 and a few see 100 over a 30 day period.. Even places like San Francisco and Sacramento could see 20-30 inches of rain, and that’s just in a month.

An independent study published Friday in Scientific Reports concluded that human-caused climate change will intensify atmospheric rivers and could double or triple their economic damage in the western United States by the 2090s.

A warmer atmosphere has a greater ability to store moisture. When there are no thunderstorms, that means the air can dry out the landscape more quickly—hence California’s prolonged drought—but when there’s rain, the bridge is stacked to foster an exceptional event.

“Humidity isn’t the limiting factor in California,” Swain said. “There is a lot of humidity, even in drought years. Absence is a lack of mechanism. It’s a lack of thunderstorms rather than humidity.

Alan Rhoades, who is an expert on atmospheric rivers and was not involved in either study, said the research highlights “the importance of remembering major floods, which are also central to the story of California”.

“The main concern is how much climate change will alter the frequency of these events and how much it will fuel and amplify the impacts of the next record [atmospheric river] event,” Rhoades, a hydroclimatology researcher at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, wrote in an email.

He added that compared to previous megafloods of the late 1800s, “California has greatly expanded its rural, urban and agricultural sprawl, which could lead to greater potential for loss of life and property.”

While researchers can’t say when the next California mega-flood will hit, forecasters are confident it will. There is a 0.5-1.0% chance of this happening in any given year.

Swain said one of the purposes of his job was to push officials to prepare. He suggested working with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to “run simulations like a real ground disaster scenario table.”

“We will work where the points of failure would really be because one of the things we want to do is get a head start,” he said.

Kasha Patel contributed to this report.

]]> Soil Symposium helps to better understand the value of our productive lands https://templodoconhecimento.com/soil-symposium-helps-to-better-understand-the-value-of-our-productive-lands/ Tue, 09 Aug 2022 02:41:00 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/soil-symposium-helps-to-better-understand-the-value-of-our-productive-lands/

The highly productive lands of the Heretaunga Plains and beyond, their value to growers, producers and the wider economy, and threats to fertile soils and water resources were all explored during a recent soil symposium held in Hastings.

Hastings District Council and Hawke’s Bay Regional Council have partnered to organize the event, which aims to increase understanding of the nature and value of soils, and will help inform future planning and decision-making.

The symposium program covered a range of perspectives and ideas, including the importance of plains for producers and mana whenua, scientific information on soil resources and threats to them, the planning framework for the protection productive land in Hawke’s Bay in the future.

Hastings Mayor Sandra Hazlehurst said Hawke’s Bay was the country’s biggest apple growing region and the second biggest wine producer after Marlborough, demonstrating the importance of the plains for horticulture and viticulture, and the importance of these industries for our region.

“Our economic success is based on the excellent products grown and processed by our producers and exported to the rest of the world. Its economic value to our region is in the hundreds of millions of dollars.

“This wouldn’t happen without our superb land and water resources of the Heretaunga Plains, and our fantastic growing climate which makes them even more special.

“But this economic success creates pressures and threats to land resources. Together with the City of Napier and the Regional Council, we are in the process of preparing a future development strategy for the Heretaunga Plains region – to cover how we accommodate future growth while protecting our land resources for the future. coming.

“These strategies are key to determining how we will manage growth and protect our soils for the future. Above all, they will allow our communities to have a say in how the various pressures on our soil resources should be managed.

“This symposium was the start of a ‘community conversation’ about how we preserve and protect our multipurpose lands – it is important that our communities understand how special, precious and vulnerable our soil resources are.”

Hawke’s Bay Regional Council Chairman Rick Barker said the soils in the area took millions of years to form.

“They are a gift of nature that must be protected. We humans cannot create them, and they will not return. These soils feed our horticultural, viticultural and agricultural sectors. It is on these soils that we have built our wealth.

“A growing population has driven urban sprawl, putting irreplaceable soil under homes, factories, concrete and tarmac. If this sprawl doesn’t stop, we will have smothered the golden goose.

“Local governments must protect these irreplaceable soils. Local government must redirect development elsewhere. The housing should go up, not out.

“Protecting the environment and these fertile soils must be a non-negotiable, uncompromising number one priority, transcending all individual interests of developers and landowners.

“We must accept that we are individual temporary custodians of the earth, and that the earth will be there for countless generations to come. Our gift to future generations must be the earth in its best state of conservation.

Former Ngāti Kahungunu Iwi Inc. President Ngahiwi Tomoana set the stage for the event by describing the importance of the land and waters of Heretaunga to tangata whenua.

“When we think of the earth, the whenua, we think of it as the womb, and the water around it, the placenta, is also of primary importance – it’s not just dirt, it’s is the source of life.”

Soil scientist Keith Vincent explained the alluvial nature of the soils, located where the Ngaruroro, Tukituki and Tutaekuri rivers merged – their high fertility and productivity due to their location in a river valley with a favorable climatic zone.

Plant and food scientist and President of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Brent Clothier, discussed the importance of land and climate in making Hawke’s Bay land so versatile, and how land management techniques were used to make land considered marginally productive.

He also explained how these techniques have been used to demonstrate the value of land and help protect it from development.

Dan Bloomer, director of Page Bloomer Associates and an agriculture and horticulture consultant, focused on how to work with soils to improve their sustainability.

He spoke about the methods used here and abroad to reduce the impacts of threats such as wind erosion and water runoff, by adopting the principles of regenerative agriculture.

“Regenerative agriculture is about minimizing disturbance, keeping the soil covered, keeping the roots alive in the system at all times, and growing a diverse range of crops.”

Kathleen Kozyniak, Hawke’s Bay Regional Council Team Leader, Marine, Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, spoke about the potential impact of climate change, including the increasing frequency and intensity of floods, droughts and storms. .

“Much of our cropland is at risk from flooding – not just rainfall, but also storms that occur once every 100 years and different sea elevations. This puts more pressure on the land availability.

The importance of the soil to growers in the region was asked by representatives of industry bodies and locally producing companies, including Kraft HeinzWatties, Delegats, HB Winegrowers, Apple and Pear and RJ Flowers Ltd, who all spoke about the unique growing properties of the region and the value of the produce grown to the local and national economy.

The central idea of ​​the symposium was to address the question of how to protect the soil so that it does not fall victim to its own success, how to sustainably plan the future growth of primary industry as well as the resident population without consuming of highly productive land.

Philip Brown, of Campbell Brown Planning Ltd., with over 30 years of experience in resource planning and management, said that mechanisms such as the [existing] The Heretaunga Plains Urban Development Strategy and the Next Future Development Strategy have been important tools for managing development.

He noted, however, that in order to reduce pressure for urban sprawl, a more aggressive approach to having more compact housing development in existing urban areas was likely needed.

“There may still be a compelling case for expanding urban areas to provide housing, but tipping the scales in favor of soil protection would seem appropriate in the context of Hawke’s Bay.

To learn more about the speakers at the symposium, watch the video or view the presentations at https://www.hastingsdc.govt.nz/hastings/events/hdc-events/soils-symposium/

© Scoop Media

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Asharq Al-Awsat columnist Amal Moussa wins Int’l Catullo Poetry Prize https://templodoconhecimento.com/asharq-al-awsat-columnist-amal-moussa-wins-intl-catullo-poetry-prize/ Sun, 07 Aug 2022 09:27:36 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/asharq-al-awsat-columnist-amal-moussa-wins-intl-catullo-poetry-prize/

Tunisian poet and writer, Amal Belhadj Moussa, has won the 2022 Catillo International Prize for Poetry, awarded by the World Poetry Academy.

The World Academy of Poetry was established in June 2001 in Italy with the support of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

The jury indicated that they wanted to crown the feeling and the thought described in the poetic experience of the poet.

He also indicated that he had chosen Moussa among the international candidates to present a certificate of appreciation for the beautiful and flourishing contemporary women’s poetry in Arab countries and a tribute to the poet.

Amal Moussa is considered an emblematic figure among the few Arab designers to be published in Italy.

Moussa currently holds the position of Minister of Family, Women, Children and the Elderly in Tunisia.

She has six collections of poetry, which have been translated into Italian, French, Turkish, English and Spanish.

Her collections include Female of Water (1996), Emerald’s Bashfulness (1998), Like Me the Stars Sparkle (2010, Rainy Body (2010), Life Has Not Put Its Makeup Yet (2017), In Love and Don’t Look into the river (2021).

The Minister has received numerous awards, namely the first prize for the best Arab production on women’s issues from the Arab Women’s Organization in 2006, the Zubaida Bashir prize for the best literary production in 2018, and several distinctions in numerous Tunisian poetry festivals, and various countries, Europe and the United States.

Moussa is an academic and a weekly columnist for the Asharq Al-Awsat newspaper. She has written publications on sociology, political Islam, youth and religiosity, and the sociology of everyday life.


]]> Managing phage therapy to help save lives https://templodoconhecimento.com/managing-phage-therapy-to-help-save-lives/ Wed, 27 Jul 2022 19:32:00 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/managing-phage-therapy-to-help-save-lives/

Written by Paul Schattenberg

Scientists from the Texas A&M College of Agriculture and Life Sciences were among those who provided the biochemical tools needed to help save a man’s life in a unique emergency response in 2016.

Study contributors from the Texas A&M University Center for Phage Technology, left to right: James Clark, research specialist; Tram Le, coordinator of the technical laboratory; Mei Liu, Ph.D., program director; and Jason Gill, Ph.D., professor and associate director. Absent from the photo, Adriana Hernandez-Morales and Ryland Young, Ph.D., also contributed to the study. (Photo courtesy of the Center for Phage Technology.)

Now, these scientists at the Center for Phage Technology at the Texas A&M Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Bryan-College Station, have completed a study of this treatment as well as other possibilities for phage therapy.

Their study, “Comparative genomics of Acinetobacter baumannii and therapeutic bacteriophages from a patient undergoing phage therapy,” was recently published in the scientific journal Nature Communications.

The threat of antimicrobial resistance has become a global concern, with the World Health Organization estimating that at least 50 million people a year worldwide could die from it by 2050. Scientists from the Center for Phage Technology believe that therapeutic phages can be used to fight against these resistant bacterial infections.

The first case involved scientists from the phage center working in collaboration with other scientists and physicians from the University of California San Diego, UC San Diego, the School of Medicine and the Medical Research Center of the United States Navy – Biological Defense Research Directorate. Together they worked to identify the phages and determine a treatment plan for Tom Patterson, professor of psychiatry at UC San Diego School of Medicine, who was infected with a deadly pathogen while vacationing in Egypt.

About Phage

Bacteriophages, or phages, are viruses that can infect and kill bacteria without adversely affecting human or animal cells. Phages can be used alone or in combination with antibiotics or other drugs to treat bacterial infections.

“Bacteriophage therapy is an emerging field that many researchers believe may offer new ways to combat antimicrobial-resistant bacteria,” said Mei Liu, Ph.D., program director at the Center for Phage Technology and researcher principal of the study. “At the center, we are interested in the applications of phage therapeutics to combat multidrug-resistant bacterial infections.”

She said the center’s work is aided by the team’s deep knowledge of phage biology, particularly in the areas of phage lysis and phage genomics.

Patterson’s predicament

In 2015, while vacationing in Egypt over the Thanksgiving holiday, Patterson began experiencing severe abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Local doctors diagnosed him with pancreatitis and treated him accordingly, but the treatments did not work and his condition worsened.

He was then flown to Germany, where doctors found fluid around his pancreas and took cultures from the contents of the fluid. Cultures showed he had been infected with a multidrug-resistant strain of Acinetobacter baumannii, an often deadly pathogen found in hospital settings and in the Middle East. The same pathogen has also been identified in many wounded US service members returning home from service in that part of the world.

In Germany, Patterson was treated with a combination of antibiotics and his condition improved to such an extent that he could be airlifted to the intensive care unit at Thornton Hospital in the University Health System. UC San Diego Health. There, however, the medical team discovered that the bacteria had become resistant to antibiotics.

Tom Patterson, in his hospital bed, received phage therapy from Robert “Chip” Schooley, MD, left, of UC San Diego Health. (Courtesy photo used with permission of Dr. Tom Patterson)

A “compassionate use” exemption for phage therapy was requested by Dr. Robert “Chip” Schooley, the UC San Diego physician treating Patterson. It received quick approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration, FDA, to continue.

Shortly after beginning phage treatment, Patterson awoke from a months-long coma. After a long recovery, his health improved greatly and he was able to return to life as it was before the infection.

Acinetobacter baumannii and other resistant pathogens

Acinetobacter baumannii is recognized as an important bacterial pathogen in nosocomial infections. A 2019 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report said antibiotic-resistant pathogens cause more than 2.8 million infections and more than 35,000 deaths annually in the United States.

Several characteristics of the pathogen that infected Patterson impacted treatment regimens and outcomes, said Ry Young, Ph.D., director of the Center for Phage Technology.

Patterson’s wife, Steffanie Strathdee, Ph.D., associate dean of global health sciences at UC San Diego School of Medicine and an infectious disease epidemiologist, had reached out to Young asking for his help in finding a treatment. for her husband once she learned of Young’s disease. extensive work with phages.

Young and his lab team took on the challenge and worked almost nonstop for three months to help find a solution.

Phages are viruses that can infect and kill bacteria without affecting human or animal cells. Phage therapy was widely used in the early 20th century before the use of antibiotics. (Drawing)

“Cases of resistant infections are becoming more common and very few new antibiotics are available, so the use of bacteriophages to treat or control multidrug-resistant infections is being reconsidered as an alternative strategy,” Young said. “Phage therapy is actually a very old concept, having been widely used in the early 20th century in the pre-antibiotic era.”

Phage therapy has also been successful in several more recent case studies involving multidrug-resistant strains of P. aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli.

“Phages had been discounted as a potential treatment for bacterial infections when antibiotics became widely used in the United States,” Liu said. “But in other parts of the world, especially where antibiotics were not immediately available, researchers and doctors continued to develop and practice phage therapy. We are now seeing more and more examples of how phage therapy can be used when antibiotics alone are not enough to treat bacterial infections.

Lessons from the Patterson case

Jason Gill, Ph.D., a professor in the Texas A&M Department of Animal Science and associate director of the Center for Phage Technology, said the Patterson case and similar case studies dealing with multidrug-resistant bacteria have been encouraging in terms of clinical outcomes, further investigation of the phage-host interaction during treatment and its implications is needed.

“The recent study showed that resistance to therapeutic phages emerged early and that acquisition of new mobile elements by bacteria may occur during treatment,” said Gill, corresponding author of the study. “It is important to have thorough genomic phage analysis prior to phage treatment to maximize treatment success and minimize both effort and resources. There is also a need for conventional experimental assays for the range of phage hosts and growth characteristics.

Gill also noted that using well-characterized phages in a phage cocktail can avoid redundancy and significantly save time and effort in phage production and purification. Eight of the nine phages used for the treatment in the Patterson case were found to be closely related, and this knowledge could have been used to streamline the process if the investigators had known this when assembling the treatment.

“The Patterson case has done much to increase awareness of phage therapy and its effectiveness as an alternative therapy for multidrug-resistant pathogen strains,” Liu said. “The success of phage therapy in this and other cases has brought greater attention to its use and effectiveness.”

Liu added that the Center for Phage Technology is focused on developing the technology, standardizing optimal delivery procedures, and obtaining the necessary approvals from regulatory agencies to make phage therapy available to patients in the United States. United.

“A lot of what we did in the Patterson case was unconventional because of the context of phage therapy at the time,” Liu said. “But there have been many advances in genomic sequencing and other technologies since then. Today, it would be a much faster and more efficient process to develop and implement phage therapy if there were another case similar to Patterson’s.

/Public release. This material from the original organization/authors may be ad hoc in nature, edited for clarity, style and length. The views and opinions expressed are those of the author or authors. See in full here.

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