Theories of myth – Templo Do Conhecimento http://templodoconhecimento.com/ Wed, 05 May 2021 02:45:11 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.1 https://templodoconhecimento.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/cropped-icon-32x32.png Theories of myth – Templo Do Conhecimento http://templodoconhecimento.com/ 32 32 COVID-19 vaccine does not cause infertility or decreased fertility https://templodoconhecimento.com/covid-19-vaccine-does-not-cause-infertility-or-decreased-fertility/ https://templodoconhecimento.com/covid-19-vaccine-does-not-cause-infertility-or-decreased-fertility/#respond Tue, 04 May 2021 23:50:00 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/covid-19-vaccine-does-not-cause-infertility-or-decreased-fertility/ Doctors say a viral claim that the COVID-19 vaccine causes problems for people who want to get pregnant is a myth. Here’s why. CHARLOTTE, North Carolina – Some people are still on the barrier from the COVID-19 vaccine, and one reason centers on a viral claim that the vaccine can impact a person’s fertility. Dr […]]]>


Doctors say a viral claim that the COVID-19 vaccine causes problems for people who want to get pregnant is a myth. Here’s why.

CHARLOTTE, North Carolina – Some people are still on the barrier from the COVID-19 vaccine, and one reason centers on a viral claim that the vaccine can impact a person’s fertility.

Dr Jane Kelly, Assistant State Epidemiologist with South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, says it’s a statement doctors hear frequently.

The question

Does the COVID-19 vaccine cause fertility problems?

The answer

No. Doctors say there is no evidence to support claims that the vaccine causes problems for people who wish to have a child.

“Don’t be fooled by pseudoscience and conspiracy theories,” Kelly said. “Vaccines do not decrease your fertility or cause infertility.”

Dr David Priest, infectious disease specialist at Novant Health, says the origin of the myth stems from an allegation that vaccinated people excrete the spike protein of the virus.

“Basically people are saying incorrectly and unfortunately believe that people who have received the vaccine can lose the spike protein and that this causes menstrual cycle irregularities, miscarriages and infertility in women,” Priest said. “This is simply not true. There is no evidence to support this myth.”

According to Centers for Disaster Control and Prevention, Fertility safety assurances don’t just apply to the COVID-19 vaccine. This applies to any vaccine.

The CDC says, “If you are trying to get pregnant now or want to get pregnant in the future, you may be given a COVID-19 vaccine. There is currently no evidence that vaccines, including COVID-19 vaccines, cause fertility problems – problems when trying to get pregnant. “

In fact, there is apparently more evidence to the contrary.

“We know that in the Pfizer trials, women became pregnant during these studies, and there was not a single report of miscarriage in someone who received the real vaccine. There was loss of pregnancy in a person who received the placebo, ”Priest said. .

Contact Vanessa Ruffes at vruffes@wcnc.com and follow her on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

Do you have a relative or friend in another state and want to know when they can get the vaccine? Visit NBC News Plan Your Vaccine site to learn more about each state’s vaccine deployment plan.





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“We Send Each Other Greeting Cards”: Meet Battlefield’s Megalodon Hunters In Search Of The Series’ Biggest Secrets https://templodoconhecimento.com/we-send-each-other-greeting-cards-meet-battlefields-megalodon-hunters-in-search-of-the-series-biggest-secrets/ https://templodoconhecimento.com/we-send-each-other-greeting-cards-meet-battlefields-megalodon-hunters-in-search-of-the-series-biggest-secrets/#respond Tue, 04 May 2021 14:00:35 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/we-send-each-other-greeting-cards-meet-battlefields-megalodon-hunters-in-search-of-the-series-biggest-secrets/ Five years ago, the Battlefield Easter Egg community thought they had stumbled upon something great. After discovering the Morse code hidden in the Battlefield 1 MCOM radios, a dedicated myth research team attempted to decipher it, but struggled to make the head or tail of the message inside. “We had one last desperate hope,” says […]]]>


Five years ago, the Battlefield Easter Egg community thought they had stumbled upon something great. After discovering the Morse code hidden in the Battlefield 1 MCOM radios, a dedicated myth research team attempted to decipher it, but struggled to make the head or tail of the message inside.

“We had one last desperate hope,” says HotelMama, a Battlefield Easter Egg figurehead. [BFEE] network. “The game’s MCOMs are actually designed after [Italian inventor Guglielmo] Marconi’s telegram machines, and because he also invented a code to go with it, we wanted to get our hands on a codebook. There were only very rare hard copies available so we bought one. ”



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Adventist Journal Online | How Adventists Became Creationists https://templodoconhecimento.com/adventist-journal-online-how-adventists-became-creationists/ https://templodoconhecimento.com/adventist-journal-online-how-adventists-became-creationists/#respond Fri, 30 Apr 2021 04:23:13 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/adventist-journal-online-how-adventists-became-creationists/ April 29, 2021 Timothy G. Standish AAdventists and creation go hand in hand like jam and bread, but it wasn’t always that way. Mythical version The story of how we became a biblical belief movement dedicated to the worship of our Creator and Redeemer1 has some surprising twists. Let’s start by addressing a simplistic and […]]]>

AAdventists and creation go hand in hand like jam and bread, but it wasn’t always that way.

Mythical version

The story of how we became a biblical belief movement dedicated to the worship of our Creator and Redeemer1 has some surprising twists. Let’s start by addressing a simplistic and false myth in four parts: (1) Christians had a primitive understanding of origins before Charles Darwin published his theory of evolution in 1859; (2) in the face of Darwin’s compelling scientific arguments, almost all Christians embraced evolution, and everyone believed in evolution until (3) Ellen G. White had visions that prompted Adventists to dismiss science on behalf of the Genesis of creation, and (4) this A misconception spread to other faiths thanks to an amateur Adventist scientist by the name of George McCready Price.

A more reliable version

Like so much else associated with Darwin’s theory of evolution, this particular myth is in tension with recorded history and reality. First, it is important to remember that since the time of Christ believers have dealt with theories of evolution. In fact, before Christians, sophisticated theories of evolution were widespread, such as that advocated by the Roman poet Titus Lucretius Carus.2 Second, Darwin’s theory of evolution was published in the midst of a debate over multiple theories of evolution. At that time, Christians were particularly concerned because of the racism inherent in virtually all theories of human evolution. For example, Frederick Douglass, the great campaigner for racial equality, pointed this out when he denounced evolution five years before Darwin published his version of the theory of evolution:

“So far from all the scientific moonlight that would link men to apes; it would make the world believe that humanity, instead of resting on its own characteristic – gloriously independent – pedestal is some sort of movable ladder, making one extreme brother of the urang-or-tang, and the other of angels, and all the rest in between! “3

Where did Adventists come from in all of this? Remember that those who eagerly awaited the Second Coming of Christ were a diverse group; there does not seem to have been unanimity in Creation. William Miller, whose interpretation of prophecy sparked the Adventist movement, promoted an age-of-day theory in which every literal 24-hour day of creation pre-figured 1,000 years of human history. He believed this understanding supported his interpretation of the prophecy that described Jesus’ return in 1844.4

After the great disappointment of 1844, those who would later be called Seventh-day Adventists continued to focus on prophecy and the Second Coming, particularly on how to prepare. The Ten Commandments were central to preparation thinking, with the Fourth Commandment being fairly central to Adventist thought. This is reflected in the very first Seventh-day Adventist periodical, The present truth (now Adventist Review): Its first issue contained an article titled “The Weekly Sabbath Established at Creation, Not at Sinai”. Emphasis on the commandments logically related to Creation.

In 1872, the new Seventh-day Adventist denomination will issue a “Declaration of Fundamental Principles”5 which did not contain any specific element dealing with creation, but recognized that God “created all things” through Jesus. The biblical creation was more or less assumed, but it was not explained. Other denominations, especially Catholics, made much more direct statements in favor of creation, especially the biblical account of human creation given in Genesis.6

Creationism at the beginning of Seventh-day Adventism

During the first 50 years of the Church there have been a number of publications which reflect the very evolving understanding of human nature against which Frederick Douglass spoke out. A shocking example appeared in 1866 in the Advent Magazine and Sabbath Herald. Uriah Smith, the editor, said that “the dividing line between the human and animal races is lost in confusion”, and offered certain races as irrefutable proof of this.7 Smith wrote this during a fiery but misguided defense of Ellen White’s prophetic ministry, not as a proponent of evolution, though he always drew on the “evidence” produced by “science” at the time. To support his argument, he was quick to grasp and encourage acceptance of a point of view rooted in evolutionary thought rather than the distinct creation of humans found in the biblical records. His mistake is clear, but we must keep in mind that we are perhaps as vulnerable to this kind of mistake today as the Adventist pioneers were. Review contained articles on Creation. By the 1950s, articles increasingly included references to why creation is a primary focus for Seventh-day Adventists. “Style =” font-size: 16px; float: right; “class =” img-right “/>

The distinction of bringing biblical creationism more clearly into Adventism is commonly given to George McCready Price, although Ellen White was very clear about it long before him. Price was an Adventist author who wrote extensively on many topics and championed the ideas of earlier geologists who believed that the geological column was produced by the flooding recorded in Genesis 6-8. He also added his own ideas. Price’s arguments were replaced by understandings more current today, but still influenced other Christian leaders, including Henry Morris and John Whitcomb. These fellow Christians have brought original ideas and professional expertise to the table, influencing a large group of believers who worship the Creator God.8

Nor is the idea that Price was just promoting what Ellen White wrote, or that he was on his own, supported by contemporary literature. The fundamentals– famous essays which established the term “fundamentalism” as a descriptive of genuine conservative Christianity – were being written when Price was most active, in the first half of the twentieth century. The authors of these essays had varying views on creation, but among them were firm believers in the biblical creation account. One of them, Philip Mauro, wrote a creationist book9 and participated in the “monkey” trial of Scopes. Mauro contributed three influential essays to The fundamentals and noted, “If the Bible does not give us a truthful account of the events of the six days recorded in its first chapter, we should not trust any of its statements.”ten

In the 1930s, a list of Adventist core beliefs began to appear in Adventist directories. These did not contain any specific foundational beliefs about the creation, although belief in a recent literal six-day creation, as recorded in the scriptures, is clearly assumed, if not stated.11

A clear doctrinal statement

A denominational commitment to creation was evident among the leaders and members of the church, as evidenced by the formation of the Institute for Geoscience Research in 1958 and numerous publications. It was not until the declaration of fundamental convictions voted at the session of the General Conference in 1980.12 that the biblical creation was explicitly included as Adventist doctrine. The wording of this core belief was refined in 2015.13

As our church grew, education levels increased and tensions occasionally arose about our faith in the words that God wrote with his own finger in stone about his creation. of the world and of his life in six days (Exodus 31:18). This is to be expected, though, amid ever-changing and diverse scientific understandings, data continues to pile up in tension with Darwinism. As science changes and many recognize the inadequacy of evolution as a scientific theory, the biblical account of history remains the same and eternally true.

I am proud to belong to a community of faith that embraces this eternal truth. If we truly live the Bible’s teaching on creation, it completely changes our view of the world, of our fellow human beings, and of our God. It takes us away from dehumanizing ideas that can have a blindingly attractive brilliance to them, and serves as a guiding principle that brings us together as a community of faith, while also connecting us with other believers from other denominations. By revealing the truth that our Creator has made all things “very good” and is coming back to effect a new creation, we are fulfilling our mission to share Christ with the world and to draw all men to Him.



    Timothy G. Standish is a principal investigator at the Geoscience Research Institute in Loma Linda, California, United States.

    We reserve the right to approve and disapprove comments accordingly and will not be able to respond to inquiries in this regard. Please keep all comments respectful and courteous to the authors and other readers.

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    Ferro: Legislature does not deserve additional powers | Chroniclers https://templodoconhecimento.com/ferro-legislature-does-not-deserve-additional-powers-chroniclers/ https://templodoconhecimento.com/ferro-legislature-does-not-deserve-additional-powers-chroniclers/#respond Wed, 28 Apr 2021 02:45:00 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/ferro-legislature-does-not-deserve-additional-powers-chroniclers/ This year’s legislature set a new low for legislative conduct. They attacked our schools, took credit bills hostage, and prevented voters from initiating or rescinding bills. And now they are waiting for voters to approve a constitutional amendment to give them the power to call a session (SJR102). Have they never heard of karma? Yes, […]]]>


    This year’s legislature set a new low for legislative conduct. They attacked our schools, took credit bills hostage, and prevented voters from initiating or rescinding bills.

    And now they are waiting for voters to approve a constitutional amendment to give them the power to call a session (SJR102).

    Have they never heard of karma?

    Yes, I am aware that there is a danger in having a responsible person in an emergency. And I know lawmakers from 36 other states can come together. But this power-hungry and immature legislature has proven itself incapable of handling emergencies.

    This Parliament has been woefully inefficient. MPs introduced more bills by passing fewer than the previous five sessions. The lack of research or communication before the bills were tabled necessitated dozens of amendments and complete rewritings.

    This legislature is not keeping its promises. For years, members have said they will end the sales tax on groceries and do something about high property taxes as soon as they have the money. Well, this year they’ve got the money – and the legislature is pushing for a bill aimed primarily at lowering income taxes for Idaho’s wealthiest.

    This legislature acts on emotion and rumor rather than on facts. Lawmakers claim to know of instances where students have been subjected to “critical race” and “social justice” theories, but they do not share any details that would verify the facts. One of the parents who spoke described experiences in a school in California. Idaho school administrators said no one asked what was going on in their districts.

    Wayne Hoffman of the Idaho Freedom Foundation denounced a newsletter for teachers at an unnamed Meridian College: “Color blindness is a myth … We should see the differences that make our students what they are.” and make sure everyone’s experience is famous. ”It doesn’t say anything about indoctrination of students or one race better than another.

    This legislature has refused to take seriously a pandemic that once sickened nearly 2,000 Idaho residents a day. They have fought all possible efforts to slow the spread of the disease and have yet to appropriate funds to pay the bills accumulated under the Disaster Care Act. They are still angry that the citizens of Idaho have embraced the Medicaid expansion that has made treatment possible for thousands of Idahoans.

    Lawmakers refused to take responsible COVID-19 precautions themselves and then waited – and got – full pay for a two-week break.

    This legislature does not care what voters want. A BSU poll showed that only 10.2% of voters thought the signing requirements to get the initiative and the referendums on the ballot were too easy. Still, more than two-thirds of lawmakers have voted to give Idaho the toughest demands in the country.

    And, despite Idahoans’ overwhelming support for education, many lawmakers continue to attack public schools. Failure to fund all teachers’ salaries for unsubstantiated allegations that schools indoctrinated students was insulting and can only exacerbate our teacher shortage. Other bills in this session sought to exclude teachers from discussions about wages and working conditions, to allow school districts to issue “local teaching certificates” to college graduates unqualified under the laws. in force, to grant “scholarships” to students switching from public to private in schools and fined schools for not receiving in-person instruction even as the coronavirus continues to strike 200 people a day.

    Lawmakers claimed there was not enough time to discuss full-time kindergarten, then introduced tax cuts that will again leave the state with no money. Only seven states have lower tax rates than Idaho; 49 invest more per child in education.

    Now, members plan to suspend rather than adjourn – and we’re meant to be grateful for not demanding full pay for another four months.

    Judy Ferro, a former teacher, is a former woman on the Canyon County State Committee for Democrats. Email him at idadem@yahoo.com.



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    The underreporting of hate crimes in Canada https://templodoconhecimento.com/the-underreporting-of-hate-crimes-in-canada/ https://templodoconhecimento.com/the-underreporting-of-hate-crimes-in-canada/#respond Tue, 27 Apr 2021 21:07:06 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/the-underreporting-of-hate-crimes-in-canada/ Seven months after Mohamed-Aslim Zafis, 58, was brutally killed outside a Rexdale mosque, Toronto police released a new report which details the statistics and specific types of hate motivated offenses committed against individuals in 2020. The murder of Zafis is not one of these crimes. The glaring omission of the murder is striking – especially […]]]>


    Seven months after Mohamed-Aslim Zafis, 58, was brutally killed outside a Rexdale mosque, Toronto police released a new report which details the statistics and specific types of hate motivated offenses committed against individuals in 2020.

    The murder of Zafis is not one of these crimes.

    The glaring omission of the murder is striking – especially when you consider Zafis’ family and the community itself begged the police to treat it as a hate crime.

    When the suspect’s name leaked, the Canadian Anti-Hate Network immediately scanned their social media. Our results suggest that the suspect is someone who subscribes to the most dangerous hate-mongering conspiracy theories, including “the great replacement”.

    The theory dangerously asserts that white Europeans – and North Americans – are being intentionally replaced by immigration and low birth rates. While the original theory focused on an alleged Muslim invasion, more recent proponents of the theory superimpose it on anti-Semitism.

    In August 2017, he inspired more than 200 American neo-Nazis to march through Charlottesville, Virginia in a torchlight parade screaming “Jews will not replace us,” the injuries and tragic murder of anti-racist Heather Heyer by one of the whites. supremacists.

    In March 2019, another hater attacked Al Noor Mosque in Christchurch, New Zealand, killing 51 innocent Muslims and leaving 40 injured. The New Zealand government Royal Commission on the Attack singled out terrorists’ belief in the Great Replacement as one of the motivating racist factors.

    While the story of Zafis’ death has made the news around the world, the question of whether the police are not treating what are arguably obvious hate crimes as hate crimes is not new. .

    A Angus Reid Poll, released mid-2020, revealed that almost a third of Chinese Canadians say they were physically assaulted during the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet only 12 incidents of hate crimes against Chinese Canadians are included in the report.

    Studies tell us that only one to five percent hate incidents in Canada are reported to the police. The actual number of hate crimes and incidents is actually 20 to 100 times higher.

    Members of communities targeted by hate-motivated attacks often do not report them. In some cases, the number of victims who do not report is more than two thirds. When attacks are reported, police consider many to be unfounded – either they do not believe the victim, see no point in continuing to report, or fail to investigate. They report forward only a small subset that they have at least partially studied successfully.

    Fortunately, Toronto police made an arrest within a week of Zafis’ murder. So why was his death not included in the 2020 hate crimes report? Some answers may lie in a new study by Barbara Perry of the Center on Hate, Bias and Extremism at Ontario Tech University, which involved interviewing police officers in Ontario.

    Officers expressed frustration with the process. The only hate crime under the Criminal Code is the deliberate promotion of hatred. Other offenses, such as assault or vandalism, may be subject to more severe sentencing provisions if the offense is motivated by hate, with the police providing evidence to the Crown. Officers told Perry that they generally don’t succeed and that cases “just just disappear into the void.”

    Some officers have frankly admitted that they feel police services are failing to meet their obligations to make communities feel comfortable coming forward.

    “I don’t think we’re doing enough to make sure the community feels like it will be taken seriously,” one officer noted.

    So what does it say to the Muslim community when Zafis’ murder is not counted as hate crimes?

    The alleged killer’s YouTube channel had recorded xenophobic videos perpetuating the myth of itinerant migrant gangs, and snippets of Russian propaganda media on “the Belgian Muslim state”.

    And, of course, the big replacement.

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    It is not difficult to distinguish between these toxic ideas and the cold-blooded murder of a Muslim serving his community outside his neighborhood mosque.

    One can certainly understand the fear within racialized communities when obvious hate crimes like the deaths of the Zafis are not seen as such.

    Hate crimes in Toronto increased 51%, according to the new report. But when you consider that only 1-5% of hate crimes and incidents are reported, the question remains: what about the remaining 95%?

    Bernie M. Farber is president of the Canadian Anti-Hate Network. Elizabeth simons is its deputy director. Follow him @antihateca



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    Watch: ‘The Shining’ Cast in Rare Behind-the-Scenes Video https://templodoconhecimento.com/watch-the-shining-cast-in-rare-behind-the-scenes-video/ https://templodoconhecimento.com/watch-the-shining-cast-in-rare-behind-the-scenes-video/#respond Tue, 27 Apr 2021 17:32:39 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/watch-the-shining-cast-in-rare-behind-the-scenes-video/ As is the case with many horror films, Stanley Kubrick’s production The brilliant (1980) gained an infamous reputation. The combination of the legendary director’s unique working style and odd source material made the film the subject of many rumors. Although some aspects of the way The brilliant was made will likely remain a mystery, the […]]]>


    As is the case with many horror films, Stanley Kubrick’s production The brilliant (1980) gained an infamous reputation. The combination of the legendary director’s unique working style and odd source material made the film the subject of many rumors. Although some aspects of the way The brilliant was made will likely remain a mystery, the behind-the-scenes footage gives us an idea of ​​life on set.

    In this video– edited and directed by director’s daughter Vivian Kubrick – you can watch Stanley Kubrick, Jack Nicholson and Shelley Duvall bring the supernatural story of Stephen King to life. It shows Nicholson and Duvall rehearsing their lines and stepping into character as the deranged Guardian of the Overlook Hotel and his tormented wife. Kubrick, who was known for his meticulous directing, can be seen putting together some of the film’s most iconic plans. The featurette even looks at how some gruesome special effects were achieved; in one footage, the crew members are shown wiping fake blood from the ensemble’s floor.

    The brilliantThe production suffered from many obstacles, including tensions between Kubrick and Duvall and a massive fire that destroyed several sets. When the film premiered in 1980, it encountered a mixed reception. Overtime, The brilliant has become considered a classic of its kind and a highlight of the careers of Kubrick, Nicholson and Duvall.

    If you believe The brilliant is the key to moon landing conspiracy theories or just a great horror movie, you can find something to enjoy in the video below. Here are more facts about The brilliant you should know.



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    Dr Karl Kruszelnicki’s frustration with COVID-19 vaccine myths https://templodoconhecimento.com/dr-karl-kruszelnickis-frustration-with-covid-19-vaccine-myths/ https://templodoconhecimento.com/dr-karl-kruszelnickis-frustration-with-covid-19-vaccine-myths/#respond Mon, 26 Apr 2021 11:16:06 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/dr-karl-kruszelnickis-frustration-with-covid-19-vaccine-myths/ Dozens of Australians have fallen into “a whole bunch of lies” around the COVID-19 pandemic and vaccines. This is the opinion of famous scientific author, Dr Karl Kruszelnicki, who revealed the COVID myths circulating on social media that he finds most frustrating to refute. The Triple J host told news.com.au that misinformation about everything from […]]]>


    Dozens of Australians have fallen into “a whole bunch of lies” around the COVID-19 pandemic and vaccines.

    This is the opinion of famous scientific author, Dr Karl Kruszelnicki, who revealed the COVID myths circulating on social media that he finds most frustrating to refute.

    The Triple J host told news.com.au that misinformation about everything from the pandemic to climate change has spread mainly because misunderstandings and lies are easy to understand.

    In contrast, the truth is complex, sometimes imperfect, and takes longer to explain.

    Dr Kruszelnicki will appear at the Sydney Writers Festival Friday during a round table on the theme of science The rise of the wheelchair epidemiologist.

    Since the start of the pandemic, epidemiology has shifted from a debate mostly on college campuses to a people-to-people debate, as the name of the session suggests, sitting in armchairs at home.

    But Dr Kruszelnicki, who has just published his 47th book titled Little Climate Change Science Bookce, said too many of these discussions were fueled by rumors and misinformation.

    “Fake news travels much faster thanks to the Internet. You can end up following a series of lies over and over again and down the rabbit hole, ”he said.

    RELATED: COVID Breakout Doesn’t Spread Once Again

    RELATED: Our Last Line of Anti-Virus Defense ‘Fails’

    Conspiracy theories and misinformation are easy to spread

    The conspiracy theories swirling around the 5G towers and Bill Gates were the most barrier claims some uninformed chair epidemiologists have made, Dr Kruszelnicki said.

    But there were other claims he had heard over and over again that continually infuriated him.

    One of them was to say that the vaccines were not effective. Dr Kruszelnicki said some people have pointed to the Auckland airport worker who recently contracted COVID-19 despite being fully vaccinated with the Pfizer jab as evidence.

    But it was nothing more than picking an event to back up a questionable claim.

    “No, not all vaccines are perfect, and their effectiveness depends on the person but to explain that we have to explain the concept of seroconversion and the complexity of the human body,” he said.

    In a small number of cases, vaccines may take longer to work on some people or they may need more vaccines, Dr Kruszelnicki said. He had to receive four injections of the hepatitis B vaccine, he said, before he said he was producing antibodies.

    But that didn’t mean it wasn’t a crucial hit that was very effective.

    RELATED: Study Reveals ‘Truth’ About Social Distancing

    The truth takes longer to explain than the lies

    The complexity of the truth was also an issue. And in situations such as a pandemic, advice on how best to manage health may change.

    “We run into this factor which is called the ‘bull asymmetry factor ** t’ or ‘BAF’,” he said.

    “It’s the realization that it can take 10 times longer to demystify something.

    “So I could say that ‘climate change is not real, the climate has always changed and on top of that, that means you have to wear one less sweater in winter.’

    “They took me seven seconds to say it. But to demystify it, I should talk about the Milankovitch cycle and the orbit of the sun and it takes 15 minutes, or an ABF of 260.

    “So it’s very easy to spit out a whole bunch of lies. And then when you are dealing with something that is really complicated like a vaccine, you end up with people confused when they hear these lies.

    Another problem was fear, which means we often pay more attention to extravagant information.

    “If something is weird and new, it really catches your eye because people fear that what you don’t know could kill you,” he explained.

    Dr Karl’s most frustrating vaccine myth

    There was another inoculation misunderstanding which, according to Dr. Kruszelnicki, had taken too much force.

    “It’s the simple anti-vax claim that vaccines weaken your immune system,” he said.

    Again, the problem was that the lie is simple, but the truth is flawed and takes longer to delve into.

    “You do not know where to start. Many people don’t know that your immune system may be different from the person next to you.

    “But if you look at the cold equations, you’d better get the shot.”

    Indeed, data from countries with high vaccination rates, such as Israel and the UK, showed huge declines in both cases and hospitalizations among people who contracted the virus.

    Dr Kruszelnicki said there was an “endless number of lies, but one truth” which meant that untruths could spread faster than they could be debunked.

    Yet the best weapon to fight disinformation was the truth, he said.

    “Speak the truth, but if the truth changes, then be quick to open up to it as well.”

    Dr Karl Kruszelnicki will appear alongside UNSW infectious disease expert Professor Raina MacIntyre and University of Sydney Associate Professor of Science Communication Alice Motion on Friday April 30 at the Sydney Writers Festival at the round tableScience class: The rise of the wheelchair epidemiologist.



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    Disneyland’s creepiest myths and conspiracies as park finally reopens after lockdown https://templodoconhecimento.com/disneylands-creepiest-myths-and-conspiracies-as-park-finally-reopens-after-lockdown/ https://templodoconhecimento.com/disneylands-creepiest-myths-and-conspiracies-as-park-finally-reopens-after-lockdown/#respond Sun, 25 Apr 2021 10:57:31 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/disneylands-creepiest-myths-and-conspiracies-as-park-finally-reopens-after-lockdown/ It is the happiest place on Earth, some say, but it is also the source of a number of disturbing myths and legends. Disneyland will reopen to the public this week to the delight of thousands of families and fans who have been unable to enter for months due to the coronavirus pandemic. However, there […]]]>


    It is the happiest place on Earth, some say, but it is also the source of a number of disturbing myths and legends.

    Disneyland will reopen to the public this week to the delight of thousands of families and fans who have been unable to enter for months due to the coronavirus pandemic.

    However, there is a dark side to the theme park. From secret Illuminati meetings to mind control to gruesome deaths on the rides, conspiracy theories about Disneyland are plentiful … and some may even have a kernel of truth.

    Here are some of the wackiest and spookiest Disneyland myths of all time.

    Beheading on Space Mountain



    Space Mountain, an indoor roller coaster, is one of Disneyland’s most popular rides

    One of Disneyland’s most common urban legends is that a man stood up while riding this iconic indoor roller coaster and had his head cut off.

    Despite the pervasiveness of this rumor, there is no truth. However, a teenager actually got up while circling the Matterhorn in 1964 and was thrown from the cart, sustaining fatal injuries.

    In fact, there have been a number of fatal crashes at Disneyland, from a young actress crushed on the America Sings ride in 1974 to a guest killed on the Big Thunder Mountain Railroad after the car he was in had been killed. separated from the rest of the train. 2003.

    The Ghost of Pirates of the Caribbean



    The Pirates of the Caribbean ride is so magical it inspired a movie franchise
    The Pirates of the Caribbean ride is so magical it inspired a movie franchise

    In 2017, Buzzfeed gathered a number of Disney Parks conspiracy theories from its readers, including one from a woman who claims the popular Pirates of the Caribbean Walk is haunted by a ghoul named George.

    “My sister’s roommate went through the college program and she said if they didn’t say ‘Hello, George’ and ‘Good night, George’, respectively, the ride would stop and they’re having trouble with that all. the day, ”she told the site.

    And that’s not the only rumor about the Pirates of the Caribbean ride …

    Real human skeletons



    One of the merry-go-round's many prop skeletons which some claim is a real human body
    One of the merry-go-round’s many prop skeletons which some claim is a real human body

    While building the ride, the Disneyland design team were not happy with the fake skeletons provided to them and instead purchased a few from the nearby UCLA Medical Center.

    These skeletons were a key part of the ride’s design for several years until technology improved enough that they could be replaced with fakes and ultimately buried properly.

    But some insist the skeletons have never been replaced and that guests actually see real corpses when they enjoy the ride.

    Walt Disney’s frozen body



    Walt Disney oversaw the opening of Disneyland in 1955
    Walt Disney oversaw the opening of Disneyland in 1955

    Since the death of the Disney founder in 1966, there have been lingering myths that Walt cryogenically froze so he could be revived at some point in the future.

    For some reason, those who believe he was frozen (even though his family have confirmed he was cremated) also tend to think his body is hidden under the very floor of Disneyland.

    Various rides have been suggested as Walt’s resting place, but for the record: his ashes are located at Forest Lawn Cemetery in Glendale and have not been scattered throughout the park.

    Scared to death by the haunted mansion?



    The haunted mansion
    The haunted mansion has scared runners since it opened in 1969

    This spooky ride first opened in 1969, but there is a rumor that it temporarily closed again shortly after.

    The first version was so terrifying that a man invited to preview it suffered a fatal heart attack, according to legend.

    Walt Disney is said to have temporarily shut down The Haunted Mansion and ordered engineers to mitigate the scares in the interest of public safety.

    This myth has become so pervasive that fact-checking website Snopes devoted an article to it. This turns out to be completely wrong, because the amusement ride never closed longer than it takes for routine maintenance work.

    It’s a small world that comes to life



    It's A Small Ride presents the different cultures of the world with dancing animatronics
    It’s A Small Ride presents the different cultures of the world with dancing animatronics

    Home to perhaps the most boring theme song ever written, there’s a different reason some people have negative feelings about this famous ride.

    Park workers swore they saw the animatronic characters blink or move while It’s A Small World, which transports guests in boats around a merry-go-round showing robots representing different cultures, was turned off.

    And speaking of the spooky views on this particular attraction …

    The suspended body



    This disturbing photo was taken by a family during a 1999 merry-go-round evacuation
    This disturbing photo was taken by a family during a 1999 merry-go-round evacuation

    While riding It’s A Small World with her family in 1999, a 12-year-old girl saw the ride stop and an evacuation was announced over the loudspeaker.

    As she later wrote, the girl’s mother pulled out her camera and took photos of the ride while waiting to be escorted.

    After developing the film, she saw the final image which appears to show a body hanging from the ceiling.

    It’s a strange picture, but most people who have heard this legend on the internet think the hanging figure was just a prop in a strange place.

    Monorail phantom



    The monorail train runs on a track surrounding the theme park
    The monorail train runs on a track surrounding the theme park

    Some park visitors have reported seeing a ghostly figure running along the track of the monorail that circles the park.

    It is certainly true that a man was killed by the train in 1966. Thomas Cleveland was trying to sneak into Disneyland when he was spotted by security guards.

    He ran for it, got on the track and was struck by the oncoming monorail.

    Mind control scents



    It's no coincidence that Disneyland smells that good
    It’s no coincidence that Disneyland smells that good

    Most conspirators have come to believe that Disney is such a power-hungry monolith that they want to control the minds of visitors to their theme park – through the power of smell.

    The point is, this theory is somewhat accurate. The Disneyland “Smellitzer” is a device invented by the company that disperses different aromas throughout the park.

    Participants noticed that Main Street smells of fresh cookies, while Candy Palace smells, you guessed it, of candy.

    The technology is probably harmless, although it can subconsciously manipulate customers into buying more food by making them want what they might not realize they are smelling.

    Illuminati club meetings



    You can only enter Club 33 with an exclusive invitation
    You can only enter Club 33 with an exclusive invitation

    The myth of the all-powerful Freemasons (otherwise known as the Illuminati) controlling much of the world has been a classic conspiracy theory for decades.

    Many celebrities have been accused of belonging to the secret society, and Walt Disney was no exception.

    Some believe Walt used the exclusive 33 Club, a private lounge at Disneyland that guests should be invited to join, as a meeting place for his Illuminati connections.

    A number of bloggers have written feverishly about the “Masonic” details in the club’s stairwell or the windows that look like an eye, but from what we know of Club 33, perhaps its biggest crime is be simply overcharging customers for their food.



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    The origins of Kalasha https://templodoconhecimento.com/the-origins-of-kalasha/ https://templodoconhecimento.com/the-origins-of-kalasha/#respond Sun, 25 Apr 2021 05:06:12 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/the-origins-of-kalasha/ The Kalasha community of Chitral District has long captivated the imaginations of visitors and researchers. But one aspect which so far escapes and confuses historians and archaeologists is their origin. Beginning with the once popular and now abandoned account of their descent from the Macedonian troops of Alexander the Great, various theories have been put […]]]>


    The Kalasha community of Chitral District has long captivated the imaginations of visitors and researchers. But one aspect which so far escapes and confuses historians and archaeologists is their origin. Beginning with the once popular and now abandoned account of their descent from the Macedonian troops of Alexander the Great, various theories have been put forward to explain the enigmatic identity of the Kalasha. But some more recent studies now suggest that their lineage may be closer to home than it appears at first glance.

    The Alexandrian myth

    The Kalasha community lives in three specific valleys of Chitral: Bumboret, Birir and Rumbur. The community is estimated to have over 3,000 residents, making it the smallest minority group in Pakistan.

    A World Defense of Human Rights article titled “ Tribu of Kalash: The last Kafir ” describes the Kalash people as animists and nature worshipers who refuse to convert to Islam and states that their refusal to convert is the “ root cause of their marginalization in the region. “. The Kalash people, who do not even make up 1% of the region’s population, are considered “ethnically marginal” and demographically insignificant ”.

    Creative: Ibrahim Yahya

    According to this document, the Kalasha are the last people of “Kafiristan” – a region that once encompassed all of northwest Pakistan and eastern Afghanistan before being divided by the Durand Line – to be retained. elements of their ancestral cultural identity.

    “Although some have long believed that they were somehow related to the Greeks who arrived in South Asia with Alexander the Great, there is little concrete evidence to support this suggestion,” said Professor Noorul Amin of the department. of pashto at the Islamic University of the College. “Even so, the Kalasha themselves came to believe that they were descended from a General Shalakshah of Alexander’s army,” he said.

    According to Professor Amin, author of several books in Pashtun, the Kalasha retain their own religious beliefs, as well as their own identity, way of life and language. “The fair skin and blue eyes of the Kalasha people led to a popular assumption that they were of Greek descent, especially the descendants of the soldiers of Alexander the Great who followed him on his campaign to India. The assumption that the Kalasha people were of Greek origin has also been officially promoted in Pakistan, ”he noted.

    Professor Amin explained that the Kalasha people settled in the region of Chitral during the reign of Cyrus the Great, another conqueror whose campaigns match those of Alexander the Great himself. “The Kalasha people had lived in the region of Chitral for over four thousand years,” he said, adding that for him the hypothesis that they were the descendants of Alexander had no credibility as they were already present in the region long before the arrival of Alexander the Great.

    The “ Aryan ” hypothesis

    According to veteran Chitral-based journalist Gul Hamad Farooqi, who has covered extensively all cultural festivals and other relevant aspects of the Kalasha people, these people are “Indian Aryans”.

    According to Farooqi, the provincial archeology department, with the help of international archeology experts, had recently discovered a 5,000-year-old cemetery in the Shindor area of ​​Chitral. “Experts in their study of the cemetery had stated that the inhabitants of the area were Indian Aryans. However, the authorities do not force the Kalasha community to accept that they are not the descendants of Alexander the Great. The Kalasha people are proud to join forces with the great conqueror, ”he added.

    A genetic study conducted in 2015 found no evidence to support the theory of their descent from Alexander’s soldiers. Interestingly, however, the study found that they shared a significant portion of genetic drift – a term used to describe a random effect that suppresses genetic variation in populations of living things – with a hunter-gatherer fossil. 24,000-year-old Paleolithic Siberian. The link is believed to refer to a certain lineage shared with the steppe pastors of the Yamnaya culture, who lived in an area known as the Pontico-Caspian Steppe.

    It is believed that people of the Yamnaya culture migrated east and west in waves, settling in areas as far away as South Asia and Britain. Their migrations led to the proliferation of languages ​​classified in the Indo-European language family. In the Indian subcontinent, the Yamnaya migrants are said to have been among the ancestors of the “ancestral North Indians”, one of the many ancestral populations from which the modern inhabitants of the region descend.

    According to the 2015 study, the Kalasha, due to their uniqueness, may have been the first group to separate from the ancestors of the modern population of the subcontinent around 11,800 years ago.

    A tale for tourists

    Renowned historian, author and scholar Parvesh Shaheen says he explained the origin of the Kalasha people in the third chapter of his book titled “Kafirstan”. “The Kalasha are indigenous people, but this theory that they are Greek is being encouraged, which is aimed at promoting tourism.”

    Shaheen, who is the author of several books on the history of the Kalasha community, said Georgios Papandreou, former Greek prime minister, also visited the Greek community of Kalsha in the late 1960s when he was on an official visit to Pakistan. “The media reported that Prime Minister Papandreou spoke to the Kalasha in their language, which was an exaggeration. Since then, the theory about the Greek roots of the Kalasha people has been promoted, which is not based on evidence but simply to promote tourism.

    The historian added that the Kalasha people, also known as the Waigali, are an indigenous people residing in the region, just like other ethnicities. “The only difference between them and the other communities is that they still practice their secular culture while the cultures of the rest of the ethnicities have changed over time. These people are considered unique for being the smallest ethnoreligious group in Pakistan with a distinct culture and religious beliefs, he informed.

    The researcher explains that the religious beliefs practiced by the Kalasha people are referred to as animism or ancient forms of Hinduism. To question, the historian says that the key hypothesis regarding the ancestry of the Kalasha is that they are the descendants of Greek soldiers and this connection between the Kalash and the Macedonian king is perhaps best seen in history. well known to Rudyard Kipling, The Man Who Wants To Be King.

    Shaheen, who has studied the Kalasha community and other indigenous peoples in the region for more than three decades, says: “It is an established fact that the Kalash are indigenous people who can migrate to the area, just like other communities. . The religion of the Kalasha is very close to Hinduism than it is to the religion of Alexander the Great, which is further proof that they are indigenous peoples, he explained.

    The author of “Kafiristan Takreekh Nasal Zuban Saqafat Aur Sayahti Jayza,” says the people of Nuristan – the border province of Afghanistan – which is historically known as Kafiristan once had the same culture and religious beliefs before their conversion to Islam at the time of Afghan ruler Abdur Rahman Khan at the end of the 19th century.

    Shaheen, originally from the Manglawar region in the Swat Valley, has been visiting the Kalasha community for over 30 years and has studied their way of life, homes, culture, food, clothing and the way they perform. their daily household chores. According to him, the way in which Kalash women behave and the rights they have is quite different from that of Muslim women in neighboring regions. Kalash women are allowed to marry whomever they wish, divorce their husbands and even run away, he explained.

    Another belief, says the educator, among many Kalash is that their ancestors came to the area from a place called Tsiyam, which is also mentioned in their folk songs. The historian says that to this day no one has located the country or region of that name.

    The challenge of modernization

    Professor Amin of Islamia College University says that the Kalash culture has evolved over time due to its geography. Their folklore has changed.

    “The Kalasha people have a particular culture, which is neither Greek nor local; they have developed their own culture, ”said the educator. The specialty of their culture is that they celebrate when someone dies while their spiritual leader is called Chilamche. When someone celebrates them in a marriage, they respect him more. They have no societal pressure and live a free life. “The Kalasha people have developed their own standards which are free in nature,” he added.

    Professor Amin further says that the life of the Kalash community was affected when the world became a global village. The dressing of the Kalash men has changed as they now eat foods somewhat similar to what other locals eat.

    A threat to the culture and way of life of the Kalash community has been observed in the recent past as Muslims living in the Ayoun region, which is adjacent to the Three Valleys of the Kalasha people, began to attract Kalash girls. in order to convert them to Islam after marrying them. However, most of these girls end up divorcing after a few years and are sent back to their people and when they resume their lives according to their own beliefs and cultures, they are threatened with leaving Islam. Several such incidents have occurred recently and the authorities must take measures to prevent them.

    Another perceived threat to Kalash culture is modernization, Farooqi said. Young Kalashs sometimes move to larger cities to work and study, and due to the temptation of modernity and technology, there are concerns that they may abandon their culture.

    Abdul Qahar, a resident of Lower Chitral, says that although modernization generally kills traditional cultures, this particular culture has not been affected so far. “The Kalasha people have exposed their culture to the rest of the world. The Kalash people love their way of life and are proud of their culture, which has certainly helped to preserve it for future generations, ”he said.



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    Kennan’s containment strategy: a consensus on what not to do https://templodoconhecimento.com/kennans-containment-strategy-a-consensus-on-what-not-to-do/ https://templodoconhecimento.com/kennans-containment-strategy-a-consensus-on-what-not-to-do/#respond Sat, 24 Apr 2021 19:56:09 +0000 https://templodoconhecimento.com/kennans-containment-strategy-a-consensus-on-what-not-to-do/ The most famous modern example of the United States consciously adopting a grand strategy was the concept of “containment” against the Soviet Union, devised by diplomat and Russian region specialist George Kennan in the aftermath of World War II. Yet a look at how Kennan’s idea evolved, how it was adopted, and how it unfolded […]]]>


    The most famous modern example of the United States consciously adopting a grand strategy was the concept of “containment” against the Soviet Union, devised by diplomat and Russian region specialist George Kennan in the aftermath of World War II. Yet a look at how Kennan’s idea evolved, how it was adopted, and how it unfolded over time, indicates that this was not an outright affair; that it was adopted mainly in a negative direction; that it provided relatively little advice during the long decades of the Cold War; and that it seemed prescient – romantic even – especially in retrospect after the Cold War was over.

    America’s foreign policy elites adopted a partial containment myth in order to worship at the altar of grand strategy before declaring that such a radical approach is no longer possible. Both propositions are wrong and are partly motivated by nostalgia – for a simpler time that was not at all so simple. In truth, Kennan’s theory codified the conventional wisdom of his colleagues who agreed only on this do not make. Moreover, reaching such a negative consensus is certainly possible today – if not in the larger foreign policy community scattered along the East Coast with all its divisions and ‘global’ perspectives rather than ‘ Americans ”, at least within the defense expert community centered around the Pentagon. By refusing to mythologize the past, the defense community can, on its own, better build a framework to prepare for the decades of the mid-21st century.

    ON FEBRUARY 9, 1946, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin gave a speech at the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow, following an “electoral” campaign for the Supreme Soviet. The election was rigged, of course. But the aim of the campaign, as Stalin’s speech would clearly say, was to rejuvenate the revolutionary spirit of the country after the victory in the Great Patriotic War against Nazi Germany. The speech focused the minds of Soviet State Department experts: rather than being a turning point for them, it helped confirm their frozen views on Stalin’s intentions. At the Bolshoi Theater, the Soviet tyrant did not mention Russia and the Russian people, which the Kremlin had insisted on throughout the war (and which Stalin had only bragged about the previous May when the Allies won). Instead, Stalin spoke only of the victory of “our Soviet system” and, for the first time since 1941, made little mention of gratitude to the Western Quondam allies. The Soviet leader accused “modern monopoly capitalism” of being the root cause of the war and hinted that Nazism was simply part of this larger category. This was nothing new – Stalin had spoken in a similar vein in the 1930s. But now it turns out that the grueling and titanic struggle for survival against Adolf Hitler, which had cost well over twenty million lives in the Soviet Union, nothing had changed in Stalin’s pre-war thinking. Stalin, moreover, underlined in his speech that the Communist Party and its ideology must be further strengthened, and that from now on we will talk much less about patriotism and historic Russia. There would also be no mention of marshals and generals responsible for winning the war. Personalities, that is, individuals, no longer counted, with the exception of Stalin himself. As the late British historian Hugh Thomas wrote, summing up the speech, “Russia was determined to become the Soviet Union again, the capital of world communism, and not the great ally.”

    Kennan was deputy head of the US mission in Moscow. But his superior, Ambassador W. Averell Harriman, had left Moscow and encouraged Kennan to speak cables exactly as he wished now, with no one up in the embassy to review him. Meanwhile, Kennan’s superiors in Washington wanted advice from him regarding Stalin’s February 9 speech. Kennan, bedridden with a bad cold, decided that sick or not, “nothing but the whole truth would do.” Surrounded by a small group of helpers in his room on the Embassy floor, Kennan dictated an analysis of Soviet behavior. It was sent on February 22, George Washington’s birthday, and has come to be known as “the long telegramThe most influential cable in American diplomatic history.

    Kennan argued that Marxist rhetoric, and, essentially, conspiracy theories about the goals of Western capitalist nations, constituted what was basically a neurosis stemming from a “traditional and instinctive Russian sense of insecurity.” Marxism was a “fig leaf” for rationalizing a closed society and police state tactics, and also for expressing an insignificant Russian fear of the outside world. Soviet foreign policy, he said, would not change – and had not changed despite everything that happened during World War II – because it was deeply rooted in the irrational aspects of the Russian character. and the “archaic” form of Russian rule, itself partially determined by geography and history: in which an agricultural people living in an exposed plain without natural barriers had turned vulnerability into paranoia. Marxism-Leninism, in other words, despite pseudo-scientific rhetoric, was just a rhetorical sheet of paper for centuries-old Russian fears and nationalism. Nothing the West would do, positive or negative, could change Stalin’s mind.

    This is the kind of deterministic analysis that led to the belief that reason would not work with the Soviets as much as force would; or at least the threat of force. Kennan actually had no intention of going that far. (He continually complained that others did not understand him as he understood himself.) In Kennan’s mind, he was simply explaining what was behind Stalin’s speech, especially Stalin’s return to Marxist bases. -Complete Leninists after the detour of the Great Patriotic War. After all, Kennan was careful to write that Stalin “had no fixed timetable, was not inclined to take unnecessary risks and, if resisted, would withdraw.” In addition, the Soviet Union was weaker than the West and had no established procedure for replacing its leaders. So the United States must not despair. Importantly, the word “containment” does not appear at all in the telegram. The Long Telegram had focused on an explanation of Soviet ideology and behavior, and it was only in the most rudimentary form that it had laid out a plan of how to deal with it.

    The road to accepting Kennan’s telegram was paved by the events of the time. Days after Washington’s birthday, Stalin refused to honor the March 2 deadline to withdraw troops from part of Iran that the Soviet Union had occupied during the war. Then came a speech Winston Churchill – now leader of the British opposition – delivered less than two weeks after Kennan sent his telegram. At Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, Churchill said: “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has come down across the continent. [of Europe]. From there, says Churchill, an Anglo-American alliance against the Soviet Union must naturally follow.

    Kennan had caught the zeitgeist. As an example of the telegram’s impact, James Forrestal, the Secretary of the Navy at the time, made it compulsory reading for thousands of senior officers across the military. In April, an abridged version appeared in Time magazine. As with other foundational essays, this was a case of a writer pushing an open door and expressing what was already on the minds of his colleagues, both among the Russian expert community and at State Department, as well as President Harry Truman himself.

    Indeed, in 1946, in the same time frame as the telegram from Kennan, Harriman and Charles E. Bohlen, another American diplomat and expert on Russia with field experience in Moscow, had concluded that he did there was no hope of evolution in the Soviet Union. “It’s not a question of wisdom,” explained Harriman. “It’s about having been exposed to the disease.” The hope that Stalin, affectionately called “Uncle Joe” by the late President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, would become a more reasonable leader thanks to the critical help he received from the Western Allies during the war, had long since vanished quickly. . For example, Stalin’s rejection of the Bretton Woods agreement of 1944 had already closed the door to post-war US economic aid. Keep in mind that those at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow knew the situation better than anyone because of their close-up view of Soviet life and suspicion. The dream of a great post-war alliance including the Soviet Union was certainly dead by the beginning of 1946. It remained for Stalin’s speech to finally punctuate it, and Kennan’s telegram to put into words the half-realized thoughts and less articulate of his colleagues. .

    THE COLD WAR was rapidly taking shape. And Kennan’s writings simply reflected the times rather than breaking into entirely new ground. In August 1946, the Soviet Union requested bases in the Dardanelles. Stalin did not retreat until Truman sent the Sixth Fleet to the eastern Mediterranean. Then, in February 1947, the British government suddenly informed the State Department that, overwhelmed by the postwar recovery, it did not have the means to provide military and economic assistance to Greece and Turkey. . A month later, the Truman Doctrine officially originated in a speech by the President to Congress, in which the United States would eventually fill the void left by Britain in the eastern Mediterranean.



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