Climate change is a threat to world peace, warns Peru’s ambassador to the United States | News | ANDEAN
13:07 | Washington DC (United States), March 9.
The impact of climate change on the modification of the current global geopolitical structure, the crisis of current theories of development and the need to promote new modes of energy consumption, were the themes developed by Peruvian Ambassador to the United States Oswaldo de Rivero at a conference at George Washington University in the US capital.
“Due to climate change, development is today, more than ever, a myth, because all countries, both developed and those wrongly called ‘developing countries’, are plunged into a crisis of civilization”, declared From Rivero.
According to the Peruvian diplomat, humanity is currently suffering from an unsustainable urbanization process.
According to him, any urban expansion inevitably sacrifices agricultural land and forests, consuming huge amounts of water that should be used for food production and human consumption.
“All the cities of the world grow by pouring cement on agricultural land, by devouring water, food, oil; and by making the private automobile and its combustion engine the king of transport, spitting tons of CO2 in the atmosphere,” De Rivero noted.
The Peruvian envoy pointed out that more than 50% of the world’s population now lives in cities and that in three decades it will reach 80%.
By then, around 60 megalopolises and hundreds of towns with around 5 million inhabitants, mostly distributed in underdeveloped countries, will create a “physical-social imbalance” between water, food and energy, on the one hand; and the explosion of urban populations in poor countries, on the other hand.
“Many economists and politicians fail to realize that the current crisis afflicting the world is a crisis of civilization,” he said.
As he explained, “it is a crisis of the urban consumerist lifestyle, of free spending, of an ecologically unsustainable model, which has led to unstoppable global warming”.
During the discussion, the Ambassador said that climate change continues to be a potential threat to world peace. Access to water will be the most important factor in the foreign policy of states in the future, he said.
James Foster, associate dean of the Elliot School of International Studies, thanked the Peruvian diplomat for bringing a new academic perspective to the debate on climate change and its impact on contemporary international relations.
The conference was organized by the Latin American and Hemispheric Studies Program at George Washington University, directed by Professor Diego Abente-Brun.
Professor Cynthia McClintock was the moderator of the event, which was attended by undergraduate and graduate students from this academic institution, as well as representatives from other government and private entities.